Main Article Content

Abstract

The article analyzes the period of Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, the socio-political situation in the caliphate, the spiritual life and scientific activity of the thinker, as well as the ideas and mystical works that influenced the formation of his ideological, political, cultural and moral views.

Keywords

socio-political situation spiritual environment caliphate mental enlightenment crisis Sufism heart mysticism existence

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Qodirov Davronbek Hoshimovich 2020. The period in which ghazali lived: the socio-political situation and the spiritual environment. International Journal on Integrated Education. 3, 9 (Sep. 2020), 108-111. DOI:https://doi.org/10.31149/ijie.v3i9.597.

References

  1. Abdulamir al-A’sam. Al-faylasuf al-Gazzaliy. Cairo, Dar kibai l-it-tiboat va-n-nashr va-t-tavzi’, 1988. – S.7.
  2. Yaqut al-Hamaviy. Mu’jam al-buldan. Leypsig. 2-tom. –S.561.
  3. Tajuddin as-Subki. Tabakat ush-shafi’iya al-kubra. Cairo, 4-tom, -S.101.
  4. Ibn Khallikan. Vafaya al-a’yan. Kair. 1299, 1-tom, -S.49.
  5. Rukis bin Zaid al-Aziziy. Xujjat ul-Islam. Majallat an-nashat as-sakafiy al-iraqiy. 1957, -S.34.
  6. Khismatulin A. A. Sufizm. Sankt-Peterburg, izdatelskiy dom “Azbuka – Klassika” “Peterburgskoe Vostokovedenie”, 2008. –S. 46.
  7. Watt W. Montgomery. Islamic Philosophy and Theology. Edinburgh, 1962, chap. 13, P. 114.
  8. Az-Zahabiy. Siyar a’lam an-nubala. Cairo. Mahtut bi-dari-l-kutub al-misriya. 1997. –S.46
  9. Abdulkarim al-Usman. Siyrat al-Gazzaliy va aqval al-mutaqaddimin fihi. Damaskus, 1961. -S.82.
  10. Watt W. Montgomery. Muslim Intellectual, A study of Al-Ghazali, Edinburgh, 1963, PP. 181 ff.
  11. I.Kuldtsihr (Ignats Goldsier). Al-aqida vash-shari’a fi-l-Islam. Cairo. –S.62-186.
  12. Salman D., Algazel et Les Latin in: A.H.D.L.M.A., (1935-1936), p.103 AA.
  13. Hashim Ma’ruf al-Hasaniy. Ash-shi’a bayna-l-asha’ira val-mu’tazila. Beyrut, 1964. –S.59.
  14. Muhammad al-Bahiy. Al-janib ul-ilahiy mina-t-tafsir al-islamiy. Cairo, 1967. –S.232.