International Journal on Integrated Education 2020-12-03T22:58:09+05:00 Editor of journal Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal on Integrated Education (IJIE) is a peer-reviewed, open access scholarly journal, publishing high-quality manuscripts in forms of original research articles, review articles, book reviews, case reports, and discussions to answer important and interesting questions, develop or test theory, replicate prior studies, explore interesting phenomena, review and synthesize existing research and provide new perspectives aimed at stimulating future theory development and empirical research related to education, integration, social sciences, humanities, , language, literature, phylosophy, and philology.</p> Re-positioning adult education for development to thrive in Nigeria 2020-12-03T11:41:24+05:00 Ephraim Wordu <p>The paper examines adult education practice in agriculture-led development strategy from pedagogical perspective. The paper believes that adult education has the potentialities for development but argues that there are missing elements in the adult education practice that are critical if sustained agricultural growth will be achieved. Instead of andragogy, transformative learning and liberatory method should be embraced. Also, instead of focusing on scientific knowledge systems alone, indigenous practices should be encouraged.&nbsp;</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ephraim Wordu Measuring the contribution of specific cultural festival to growth of Nigeria’s GDP through average tourists spending 2020-12-03T11:56:40+05:00 DR. AHAM IKWUMEZIE PROF. COSMAS C. ALUGBUO DR. (MRS.) CHIGOZIE UGOCHUKWU OKORO DR. POLYCAP IGBOJIEKWE <p>Tourists spending behaviours play major role in the potential of cultural festival to create forward linkage with other indicators of the gross domestic product (GDP).&nbsp; This study focused on evaluating tourists spending behaviour on the different types of cultural festivals in Nigeria to determine their direct, indirect and induced effect on each naira of direct sales and number of jobs supported. A total of 9,984 respondents were surveyed across six states (1,664 in each state). We employed Stynes fairly complete micro-computer-based system for estimating economic impacts of recreation and tourism; and the money generating model (MGM) in the data analysis, to estimate the&nbsp; direct and total sales, marginal earning on each naira (income) and employment effects of tourists’ spending on state and local government revenues. At α = 0.79 we found that earning on each naira of tourist spending at the Igue cultural festival Benin city, the Riye musical festival Abeokuta, the Ofala cultural festival Onitsha, Calabar carnival, Calabar, the Kwagh hir Masquerade festival Makurdi and the Arugungun fishing festival Gusau in that order added 61 kobo, 61 kobo, 62 kobo, 89 kobo, 30 kobo and 30kobo respectively in secondary effect or induced effect. In the same order, the multiplier effect of the spending supported 2 local jobs; 2,700 local jobs; 400 local jobs; 27,000 local jobs; 15 local jobs and 21,850 local jobs respectively in the respective states. The study recommends the need to measure tourists spending within well defined categories to identify not only the kinds of products and services being purchased and the types of businesses directly receiving these funds but to also identify the sectors receiving the spending. This is important as it ties changes in tourists spending to a regional economic model.</p> 2020-12-03T11:56:40+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 DR. AHAM IKWUMEZIE, PROF. COSMAS C. ALUGBUO, DR. (MRS.) CHIGOZIE UGOCHUKWU OKORO, DR. POLYCAP IGBOJIEKWE Forensic accounting and fraud mitigation in the manufacturing industry in Nigeria 2020-12-03T12:03:18+05:00 OSUNWOLE, OLATUNJI OLUDAYO <p>This study examined the influence of forensic accounting practices and reduction of fraud in manufacturing industry in Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was utilized to conduct the study. The target population for this study was all the manufacturing firms listed on the floor of Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) market as at 31st December, 2019. Purposive sampling technique was used to select five (5) firms which emerged as the sample of the study. Primary data was used for the study and questionnaires were used as data collection tool. One hundred seventy five (175) copies of structured questionnaires were distributed to forensic accountants and auditors of the selected listed manufacturing companies in which all were retrieved and analyzed. The study results established that forensic accounting had positive and significant effect on financial fraud reduction and improvement of internal control system of manufacturing companies respectively. The study concluded that forensic accounting practices such as; fraud investigation and fraud litigation are very important for the reduction of financial fraud in manufacturing companies. The study recommends that the inclusion of forensic accounting in the code of corporate governance practices will drastically reduce financial fraud in manufacturing industry and that manufacturing companies in Nigeria step up their forensic accounting practices in order to deter fraud. This they can achieve by making forensic auditing of financial records a regular and routine activity.</p> 2020-12-03T12:03:18+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 OSUNWOLE, OLATUNJI OLUDAYO Consumer environmental consciousness and brand preference in rivers state 2020-12-03T12:13:46+05:00 GODSWILL CHINEDU CHUKWU, PhD MIYENE CHARLES TOM Sobirov <p>This study investigated consumer environmental consciousness and brand preference in Rivers State. The study sought to establish the extent to which brand sound influence repeat purchase of power generating plants, the extent to which brand heat generation influence customer referral of power generating plants and the extent which green protection determine customer loyalty of power generating plants in Rivers State.The study adopted descriptive research design. A population of 52 loyal customers of 5 different brands of power generating plants was randomly selected while 47 questionnaires were successfully retrieved for the study. Data was collected by use of questionnaire from the respondents. Three research questions were posed and three hypotheses were tested. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) while inferential statistics Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was used to test the above stated hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The researcher utilized Cronbach's Alpha for Reliability Statistics to arrive at 0.75 coefficient reliability, Findings revealed that there is a great correlation between brand sound and customer repeat purchase of power generating plants in Rivers state, that there is a low correlation between brand heat generation and customer referral of power generating plant in Rivers State and that there is a great correlation between green protection and customer loyalty of power generating plant in Rivers State. Consumers in Rivers State should be loyal to power generating plants that emit less carbon monoxide for green house protection.</p> 2020-12-03T12:13:45+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 GODSWILL CHINEDU CHUKWU, PhD, MIYENE CHARLES TOM Sobirov The study of the life and creativity of yunus rajabi and the rich heritage he left to the uzbek nation. 2020-12-03T16:40:20+05:00 Ashurov Ma’rufjon Abdumutalibovich <p>This article looks at the life of Yunus Rajabi, People's Artist of Uzbekistan, laureate of the Republican State Prize, musician, hafiz and composer, multifaceted artist, academician. His life, his entry into the art of music, the lessons he learned from his family, the deep and bright traces in the history of twentieth-century Uzbek music, his contribution to the development of our modern music culture, as well as O He is one of the founders of the Union of Composers of Uzbekistan. given.</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ashurov Ma’rufjon Abdumutalibovich Obtaining higher fatty alcohols based on low molecular polyethylene and their useage as lubricating additives for diesel fuels 2020-12-03T16:45:19+05:00 Fozilov Hasan Sadriddin Ugli <p>One of the ways to change the physicochemical properties of diesel fuels is to add so-called additives to it. The purpose of this work is to obtain higher fatty alcohols and the use of qualitatively new imported - substituted additives, synthesized on the basis of the use of local secondary raw materials, which is increases their efficiency.</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Fozilov Hasan Sadriddin Ugli International commercial arbitration in Uzbekistan: current state and development prospects 2020-12-03T16:51:39+05:00 Ziyoda Boratova <p>This article is devoted to a number of issues relating to the functioning of international commercial arbitration as a non-State mechanism for the settlement of international commercial disputes in the Republic of Uzbekistan. In article also found a brief introduction on the history of arbitration in Uzbekistan since its independence. Special attention is paid to the rules introduced since the entry into force of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On international commercial arbitration”. Moreover, the author highlights some problematic issues and inconsistencies that exist in the legislation on legal proceedings in arbitration courts. The author also addresses several issues regarding the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards.</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ziyoda Boratova The essence and specifics of modern social and cultural activities in Karakalpakstan 2020-12-03T16:55:54+05:00 Ahimbetova Gulbahar Kanatbaevna <p>Socio-cultural activity as a process of active development, dissemination and creation of cultural values is ultimately focused on the formation of the cultural environment of human life, the elaboration of mechanisms for its socialization, enculturation and self-realization, the creation of methodological directions for the development of spiritual interests and requirements of people in order to realize the essential forces and capabilities of each person.</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ahimbetova Gulbahar Kanatbaevna Of partial defects of the dental rows of dynamic study of the state of the mucosa of the oral cavity in the new conditions of functioning 2020-12-03T16:59:54+05:00 A.Kh. Zhumaev <p>Despite the rapid development of dentistry and advances in the prevention of diseases of the maxillofacial region, implantology, and the treatment of dental diseases, the number of patients who need prosthetics with removable orthopedic structures of dentures remains high, and only increases with age, due to the increasing rate of aging. society of the planet (M.Yu. Ogorodnikov, 2007; V.I.Shemonaev, 2012; E.S. Kalivradzhiyan, 2013; E.A.Zholudev, 2014; CE. Bragin, 2014; L.D. Veisheim, 2014). Among the reasons for the high demand for orthopedic treatment with removable dentures, the leading position is still held by insufficient sanitation of the oral cavity, untimely access of patients to the dentist. In addition, an important role is played by the problem of imperfection of materials and technologies used for the manufacture of dentures, leading to a deterioration in the condition of the dentition.</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 A.Kh. Zhumaev DESCRIPTION OF MEDICAL LITHOGRAPHS CREATED IN TURKESTAN IN THE 19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURIES 2020-12-03T17:04:57+05:00 Nargiza Shirinova <p><em>This article provides detailed information on medical lithographs written in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Description, annotation and content of lithographs on medicine kept in the manuscript collection of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan are open to a wide range of readers.</em></p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nargiza Shirinova The history of the Kokand Khanate in the press of Turkestan (According to Suttorkhon Abdulgafforov) 2020-12-03T17:09:58+05:00 Rakhimjanova Nigora Kudratillaevna <p><em>Suttorkhon Abdulgafforov's book "A Brief Essay on the Internal Situation of the Kokand Khanate Before the Russian Invasion", published in the Turkestan press, provides valuable information on the history of Kokand. In particular, it reflects governance, traditional education, the judicial system and the military situation in the last days of the khanate</em></p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Rakhimjanova Nigora Kudratillaevna Establishment of the Institute and Waqf aspects of its development in Central Asia (until the second half of the 19th century) 2020-12-03T17:20:04+05:00 Nargiza Ismatova <p><em>The article describes the essence of waqf institution and some aspects of its development in Central Asia. The importance of the endowment institution not only as a philanthropist, but also as a social institution that embodies many functions in society is highlighted</em></p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nargiza Ismatova Diversity ideology: cultural festivals and fusion of diverse socio-ethnic construct, interest and ethnic cooperation 2020-12-03T17:27:32+05:00 Aham Ikwumezie Cosmas C. Alugbuo Chigozie Ugochukwu Okoro DR. Polycap Igbojiekwe <p>Cultural festivals as celebrated in Nigeria have enormous potential to drive fusion of diverse socio-ethnic construct. Our study focused on only three psychometric rationales or premise for evaluating common preference in cultural mixes. Fundamentally each ethnic group in Nigeria feels strong about the uniqueness of their culture. Distinct cultural traditions have been preserved and appreciated over history. We synthesized this construct at α = 0.05. Among others, key factors of multiculturalism (r = 0.39) (ideological condition that believe tradition must not be altered or acculturated) such as cuisines, costumes, rituals, languages did not significantly encourage fusion of socio-ethnic groups. Furthermore, among others, key factors of colorblindness (r = 0.52) (ideological condition that believe that culture has common origin “human beings” and common goals “satisfy human’s needs and desires”; and so people everywhere can bridge cultural differentia) such as local business, heritage site, Lifestyle, security correlates. However, lifestyle and security mediates in certain domains of cultural consumption that evokes fear of cultural mixing and which does not absolutely change ethnic predominant cultural mindset. Key factors of polyculturalism (r = 0.79)&nbsp; (ideological condition with the believe that traditions and perspectives influence each other as cultural groups continually make contact and interact) such as awareness, values, friendliness and markets appeared significant in driving fusion. Multiculturalism (p &lt; 0.05) offers high propensity to increasing preference for cultural fusion options through increasing concerns about the impurity from the mixing elements of different socio-ethnic group</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Aham Ikwumezie, Cosmas C. Alugbuo, Chigozie Ugochukwu Okoro, DR. Polycap Igbojiekwe Spiritual and moral values of the peoples of the east 2020-12-03T22:31:43+05:00 Saida Agzamhodjaeva <p>This article examines the spiritual and moral values of the peoples of the East. The author referred to many historical sources in the article. And in doing so he tried to illuminate the spiritual and cultural world of the peoples of the ancient East</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Saida Agzamhodjaeva Fasciolosis disease in cattle and sheep in Karakalpakstan in 2015-2020, prevalence, epizootology and treatment methods and results obtained 2020-12-03T22:45:08+05:00 Shаvkat Avezimbetov Odilbek Dosumbetov <p>Fastioliosis in the Republic of Karakalpakstan in acute, chronic and mixed course, acute course of F. gigantica-induced fasciolosis in sheep, clinical signs of fasciolosis, adult fasciolia, definitive host-infected fasciola larvae,&nbsp; possible factors, diagnosis, results of complete dissection of the liver in animals that died from the disease, drugs for the treatment of fasciolosis are described.</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Shаvkat Avezimbetov, Odilbek Dosumbetov Harmony between society and personality, and its influence on the phenomenon of happiness 2020-12-03T22:49:31+05:00 Eshonkulova Nurjakhon Abdujabborovna <p>This article deals with the phenomenon of happiness as a socio-anthropological phenomenon that requires consideration in harmony between social reality and a person, society and personality with their dreams, desires, experiences and ideas. A person, although he thinks about happiness alone, although he considers happiness as a phenomenon that concerns only his life, this does not mean that happiness manifests itself according to his absolute will and absolutely touches and obeys his desires. Society influences the happy or unhappy life of a person not only by established rules, but also by careful contributions and traditions.</p> 2020-12-03T22:49:31+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Eshonkulova Nurjakhon Abdujabborovna Ways to increase the prospects for youth participation in the innovation sphere of the country 2020-12-03T22:54:02+05:00 Yusupova Feruza Zoirovna <p>The article provides a socio-philosophical analysis of the innovative activity of young people, which makes it possible to understand the originality of the innovative properties of young people, taking into account their natural ability for creative activity and increasing their innovative potential. Ways of increasing the prospects of youth participation in the innovation sphere of the country are proposed, taking into account the urgency of the task of developing intellectual potential and increasing the innovative activity of youth.</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Yusupova Feruza Zoirovna Prospects for designing waste water treatment structures in small population units 2020-12-03T22:58:09+05:00 Abdieva Farida Bakhtiyorovna <p>This article talks about the prospects for the design of structures intended for use in small settlements. The issues of installation and stage-by-stage use of structures under operating conditions are considered.</p> 2020-12-03T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Abdieva Farida Bakhtiyorovna