International Journal on Integrated Education <p>International Journal on Integrated Education (IJIE) is a peer-reviewed, open access scholarly journal, publishing high-quality manuscripts in forms of original research articles, review articles, book reviews, case reports, and discussions to answer important and interesting questions, develop or test theory, replicate prior studies, explore interesting phenomena, review and synthesize existing research and provide new perspectives aimed at stimulating future theory development and empirical research related to education, integration, social sciences, humanities, , language, literature, phylosophy, and philology.</p> Research Parks Publishing LLC en-US International Journal on Integrated Education 2615-3785 Women in moral education and rising tide in social vices in Nigeria <p>Women within the world play vital roles within the foundation of any kid. Right from conception, delivery and to adulthood, ladies devote love and her heart on the progress of the kid. Women had nice responsibilities within the upbringing of youngsters, particularly in moulding them to become nice men and girls.</p> Oteje, Kehinde M.J Egboh, Fasilat Bolaji Agranpe, Tanimowo Mautin Mafo, Akintoye Benjamin Copyright (c) 2020 Oteje, Kehinde M.J, Egboh, Fasilat Bolaji , Agranpe, Tanimowo Mautin, Mafo, Akintoye Benjamin 2020-09-04 2020-09-04 3 9 1 5 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.581 Plato, Aristotle & the Dialectics of Poetry <p>The present paper attempts at estimating the legacy of two of the seminal philosophical minds, Plato and Aristotle. Their ideas have been so instrumental in shaping western critical literary tradition that any discussion on literary theory and criticism has to have them as a point of reference. Plato’s negative conception of mimesis is juxtaposed with Aristotle’s affirmative stand. The paper also examines the various philosophical and pragmatic charges labelled against poetry by Plato in his works such as <em>Republic</em>, <em>Phaedrus</em> and <em>Ion. </em>&nbsp;The paper concludes with a general overview of critical responses to Plato by succeeding men of letters.</p> Bikash Sharma Copyright (c) 2020 Bikash Sharma 2020-09-04 2020-09-04 3 9 6 10 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.582 The role of institutional collaborations in combating covid-19 in dessie, south wollo and oromia special zones of eastern amhara, Ethiopia <p><em>COVID-19, declared as a global pandemic by WHO, is the ‘eye and ear’ of the world and disturbed the economic, social and political situations of almost all countries regardless of the economic development. In an effort to combat the virus, this descriptive survey tried to assess the role of institutional collaborations in Dessie City Administration, South Wollo and Oromia Special zones of Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. It also tried to examine the material, financial, technical supports and leadership commitment in combating COVID-19.A total of 385 purposely selected samples of institutions from government, private and NGOs were surveyed in 7 Woredas. Primary sources of data were used using questionnaire, interview and focus group discussions. Moreover, secondary sources of data mainly reports of anti-corona task forces reports were also used. The results of the study shows that an average financial and technical supports were provided in an effort to combat the pandemic. A below average material support and above average leadership commitments that results in an average overall outcomes of institutions collaboration in combating COVID-19 was exhibited in the study. The correlation result also found that material, financial, technical supports and leadership commitment has a significant positive impact on the outcomes of institutional collaborations in combating COVID-19.The study concluded that institutional collaboration played its own role in combating COVID-19. The study recommended that anti corona task forces organized in combating the virus from federal to Kebele level should incorporate non-government institutions together with government institutions as a member in the team so that all members of the community can be reached in an effort to mobilize adequate resources in tackling the problem.</em></p> MULUGETA CHANE WUBE(MBA) Copyright (c) 2020 MULUGETA CHANE WUBE(MBA) 2020-09-04 2020-09-04 3 9 11 27 10.31149/ijie.v3i8.579 Globalization, its essence, causes and consequences <p>This article reviews the phenomenon of globalization, its essence, content and causes are analyzed in various aspects. The special attention is paid to the cultural aspect, opinions of sociologists on the distribution of heterogeneity of world culture and globalization of culture its causes and consequences are analyzed. The theme of global languages and the problem of preserving cultural identity and heritage of different nations and peoples are also revealed.</p> Dinara Abdunayimova Copyright (c) 2020 Dinara Abdunayimova 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 3 9 28 32 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.583 Mathematikal model of calclation parabola-cylindirical solar hot water systems of industrial enterprises <p class="Keywords" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><em><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black;">The article analyzes a mathematical model for calculating solar parabola cylindrical hot water systems for industrial and municipal enterprises. The formulas for determining heat losses associated with radiant and convective heat exchange, as well as useful heat energy and efficiency of solar parabola-cylindrical systems for obtaining heat for industrial purposes are given.</span></em></p> Sulaymonov Husanboy Mannopovich Copyright (c) 2020 Sulaymonov Husanboy Mannopovich 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 3 9 33 38 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.584 Implementasi model numbered head together pada pembelajaran matematika di madrasah ibtidaiyah <p>This research was conducted aiming to influence of the application&nbsp; of the Numbered Head Together Model on student Learning Outcomes in Mathematics Grade IV MI Ma’arif Pamotan. Especially on the circumference of flat shapes material. This type of reserarch used in this research is descriptive quantitative with experimental method. Samples taken form class IV amounting to 30 students. However, due to the outbreak of the Covid-19 virus an did non get permission from parents, researchers were only able to take 17 samples . data collection techniques used were questionnaires, test instrument and documentation. The result of this research used SPSS 25 type showed that the learning of the Numbered Head Together is affect to student learning. This is demonstrated by the results of the analysis of the sig value was acquired by 0,468 with the “T” count &lt; T table that cause H0 rejected and Ha received.</p> Nanda Ihda Rohmatillah H Copyright (c) 2020 Nanda Ihda Rohmatillah H 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 3 9 39 43 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.585 Pengembangan video animasi materi lambang negara indonesia untuk meningkatkan motivasi belajar dan daya ingat peserta didik kelas iii di mi ma’arif pamotan <p>Education in Indonesia must have an effort to develop creative, affective and quality learning activities so that the knowledge possessed has a long-term impact. This research uses R&amp;D (Research and Development) research methods. R&amp;D methods are often used to make products or develop products beforehand. In addition, researchers in collecting data through interviews with informants at MI Ma'arif Pamotan, observation and documentation. In analyzing the results of interviews regarding the lack of memory of students on state emblem material, researchers analyzed using the quantitative analysis technique of percentage and paired t-test analysis techniques. From the two analytical techniques in the study, it is known that the results of the validation questionnaire assessment from the experts stated that the textbook products developed by researchers are feasible to be applied in schools to overcome learners who lack performance in learning motivation and memory.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Titsa Raky Andjani Copyright (c) 2020 Titsa Raky Andjani 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 3 9 44 50 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.586 Identification of identifiable parameters affecting aerodynamic performance <p>The developed scientific works are directly related to solving the problems of identifying multi-parameter objects. The proposed algorithm is effectively implemented on a computer, which is confirmed by calculations of problems of supersonic aerodynamics</p> R.Safarov A.R.Safarov Copyright (c) 2020 R.Safarov, A.R.Safarov 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 3 9 51 55 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.587 Didactic bases of teaching "Physics of atomic and nuclear structure" in continuous physics education <p>The development of atomic and nuclear physics, the efficient use of nuclear energy plays an important role in the international arena. The structure of the atom and the nucleus, the training of internationally advanced personnel to improve the use of its energy is a topical issue today. The role of atomic and nuclear physics in education, science and industry in our country is wide. However, taking into account the fact that the introduction of modern and new areas of nuclear physics, such as radiation physics, deformed nucleus physics, into the system of continuing education will further increase the efficiency of specialists trained in this field.</p> Goibova Nargiza Ziyokhonovna Copyright (c) 2020 Goibova Nargiza Ziyokhonovna 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 3 9 56 58 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.588 Remodelling pembelajaran student team achievement division (stad) berbasis riset dalam pembelajaran pai di sekolah dasar negeri jimbaran wetan, wonoayu, Sidoarjo <p>Kualitas proses pembelajaran dan hasil pembelajaran yang baik&nbsp; adalah kunci keberhasilan seorang pendidik dalam menyampaikan materi. Pentingnya berbagai ketrampilan yang harus dimiliki oleh seorang peserta didik, membuat peneliti tergerak untuk melakukan penelitian ini. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengembangkan model pembelajaran <em>Student Team Achievement Division</em>berbasis <em>Riset</em> <em>(STAD)</em> sebagai upaya untuk meningkatkan kualitas proses dan hasil belajar Pendidikan Agama Islam serta menemukan efektifitas dalam pembelajaran. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah penelitian <em>Research and Development</em> atau penelitian pengembangan dengan pendekatan kualitatf. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian pengembangan yang akan mengahasilkan sebuah produk yaitu sebuah model pembelajaran berupa <em>Student Team Achievement Division) </em>yang dikembangkan dengan <em>riset</em>, nantinya akan menentukan kualitas proses dan hasil belajar Pendidikan Agama Islam peserta didik. Adapun jenis data yang didapatkan dengan data kualitatif dan kuantitatif melalui proses pengamatan dan peneliti mendapatkan data bersumber dari buku, jurnal ilmiah dan Kepala Sekolah Dasar Negeri Jimbaran Wetan, peserta didik kelas IV &nbsp;serta guru. Sedangkan jenis datanya termasuk data kualitatif&nbsp; karena berupa kata, kalimat dan tindakan, juga data kuantitatif berupa nilai dari <em>pretest</em> dan <em>posttest </em>mata pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam kelas IV bab Thaharah. Teknik pengumpulan datanya dengan cara wawancara, observasi, tes, dan dokumentasi. Instrument yang didapatkan adalah pedoman wawancara, pedoman observasi, lembaran soal tes dan gambar dokumentasi. &nbsp;Remodeling pembelajaran <em>Student Team Achievement Division</em> berbasis Riset dalam pembelajaran PAI diterapkan dengan menyempurnakan tahap Student Team Achievement Division dari 5 menjadi 6. Yakni&nbsp; dengan menambahkan dan menyempurnakan tahap pembentukan kelompok riset untuk menggalih dan mempertajam materi yang disampaikan oleh guru, melalui mencari dan mengkaji berbagai referensi.</p> Susi Darwati Isa Anshori Copyright (c) 2020 Susi Darwati, Isa Anshori 2020-09-06 2020-09-06 3 9 59 64 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.589 Implementasi Kurikulum K13 Dengan Pendekatan Saintifik Pada Pelajaran Pai Di Smp Negeri I Beji <p>Dalam proses pembelajaran, peserta didik menjadi subjek dan objek dari kegiatan pembelajaran. Pendekatan&nbsp; pembelajaran&nbsp; itu mampu memberikan kebutuhan peserta didik aktif dan pendekatan&nbsp; itu juga dapat menarik peserta didik pasif supaya berubah menjadi aktif di pembelajaran. Pendekatan saintifik ialah pendekatan pembelajaran yang dilaksanakan dengan tahapan mengamati, menanya, mencoba, menalar, dan mengkomunikasikan. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif. Subyek penelitiannya adalah Kepala Sekolah, Waka Kurikulum, dan Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMP Negeri I Beji. Tehnik pengumpulan data yang digunakan berupa observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Sedangkan untuk tehnik analisis dan interpretasi data yang digunakan ini sesuai dengan konsep Mules and Hubermen yaitu reduksi data, penyajian data dan verifikasi data. Kesimpulan yang dapat diambil adalah implementasi K13 dengan pendekatan saintifik pada pelajaran PAI kelas VII di SMP Negeri I Beji yaitu memerlukan beberapa tahap yang dilakukan guru dan siswa di dalam kelas agar proses belajar dapat dikatakan berbasis ilmiah dan sesuai dengan kebutuhan kehidupan sehari-hari. Tahapan tersebut adalah mengamati, menanya, mengeksplorasi, mengasosiasi, dan mengkomunikasikan. Sedangkan untuk Hambatan dalam melaksakan pendekatan saintifik di SMPN 1 Beji pada pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam, yakni peserta didik masih malu untuk maju ke depan kelas dan Fasilitas pendukung yang masih terbatas.</p> Mukhamad Auliya Rahman Istikomah Copyright (c) 2020 Mukhamad Auliya Rahman, Istikomah 2020-09-06 2020-09-06 3 9 65 69 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.590 Implementasi Sistem Informasi Pendidikan Muhammadiyah (Sidikmu) Dalam Layanan Administrasi Sistem Pe Nilaian Al Islam, Kemuhammadiyahan Dan Bahasa Arab (Ismuba) Pada Era Industri 4.0 Di Sekolah Dasar Muhammadiyah 1 Krian, Sidoarjo <p>The development of the world of technology cannot be avoided, educational institutions as centers of education and learning must follow these technological developments so that they can exist more. In the industrial era 4.0 which was marked by advances in information and communication technology, accelerating and providing various kinds of convenience in accessing information and data on various aspects of life. This acceleration and convenience has become a necessity and a lifestyle. Therefore, schools as educational institutions that have various kinds of data must be willing to make changes, adjust to these demands, so that the education and learning process can take place properly, quickly, and accurately. Schools must take advantage of information and communication technology. Carry out the education and learning process online. Consequently, it must have facilities and infrastructure, in the form of information and communication technology. However, the reality in the field is that not all schools have and apply this technology, due to various limitations, financial and workforce quality. The problem then is, is this true, information and communication technology is a major need, without this technology learning cannot take place optimally, the continuity of the institution and its existence is threatened. From here the researcher was moved to research on the implementation of information systems online. Aims to find out and understand the effectiveness of online information system implementation in Era 4.0 as a database and educational information service center at the Krian 1 Muhammadiyah Primary School.</p> <p>This type of qualitative research uses a phenomenological approach (field research). This study used data collection techniques in the form of observation, interviews, and documents. The collected data were analyzed through 3 stages, namely data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. To check the validity of the data, triangulation was used.</p> <p>The results obtained from this study are the implementation of the Muhammadiyah Education Information System (Sidikmu) in the administrative services of the Al Islam, Kemuhammadiyahan, and Arabic education assessment system in the Industrial era 4.0 at SD Muhammadiyah 1 Krian Sioarjo implemented in integral automation. An information system that not only functions as a database but also as a center for educational information services for student guardians. So that educational institutions can move according to the era which is completely online and instant. Sidikmu is effective and efficient in improving the quality and productivity of the ISMUBA education assessment system administration services at SD Muhamadiyah 1 Krian, Sidoarjo. The effectiveness and efficiency of Sidikmu's work automatically integrate all existing data in schools, making it easier for the administrative process for assessments, especially on ISMUBA subjects. The main obstacle is that not all Ismuba teachers master the technology, so training is needed, the provision of facilities, and guaranteed awards for Creative and Innovative Ismuba teachers</p> Muhammad Triandoyo Isa Anshori Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Triandoyo, Isa Anshori 2020-09-06 2020-09-06 3 9 70 76 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.591 Hydrochloric acid treatment of the well <p>This article is about salt chemical treatment and hot acid treatment of wells. In this case, research has covered different points of theoretical and methodological the hydrochloric acid treatment of the well. Finally, research has pinpointed on various views of outcomes and shortcomings at all.</p> Shukurov Abror Sharipovich Copyright (c) 2020 Shukurov Abror Sharipovich 2020-09-06 2020-09-06 3 9 77 79 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.592 The role of state archival sources in the study of the history of forestry in Uzbekistan (on the example of the Fergana valley) <p>The study of the history of forestry in Uzbekistan is one of the goals of the environmental policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and the work done and achievements in this area have an important political and practical significance. This article examines the role and importance of state archival sources in the study of the history of forestry in Uzbekistan.</p> Olimov Jaxongir Meliboyev Aziz Copyright (c) 2020 Olimov Jaxongir, Meliboyev Aziz 2020-09-06 2020-09-06 3 9 80 82 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.593 We Are Against Corruption <p>This article is about how people knowingly and unknowingly commit corruption in life and how to correct these mistakes. On this way, major points of the theoretical and methodological perspectives were discussed as the whole. Hence, research has focused to find out better solutions while providing both outcomes and shortcomings as the whole.</p> Maftunakhon Nematova Copyright (c) 2020 Maftunakhon Nematova 2020-09-06 2020-09-06 3 9 83 86 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.594 Examining the Impact of Training and Nativeness on Teacher’s self-efficacy in teaching English <p>The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of training and 'nativeness' on teacher's self-efficacy in teaching English as a second language. A questionnaire was used and administered to 281 foreign teachers in Nasseria, Iraq. The teacher’s sense of efficacy scale (TSES) was employed to measure a teacher's self-efficacy. Using MANOVA, we tested the impact of teachers’ training and 'nativeness' on a teacher’s self-efficacy. The analysis showed that trained teachers have higher self-efficacy than untrained teachers and further that professional development enhances self-efficacy. The study established that being a native speaker does not necessarily influence a teacher's self-efficacy and goes to support the hypothesis that target language proficiency should not be associated with being a language teacher. Ultimately, policymakers and educational administrators should concentrate on the professional development of language teachers and disband the native/non-native dichotomy.</p> Lina Lafta Jassim Copyright (c) 2020 Lina Lafta Jassim 2020-09-06 2020-09-06 3 9 87 104 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.595 Similarities and differences between types of comic <p>On the pages of literary works, the reader is often confronted with funny characters or episodes, funny names of characters, ridiculous features of speech. In all these cases, we are dealing with manifestations of the comic in literature. The reader understands that the writer set himself the task of causing the audience to laugh, to portray something funny. But at the same time, we cannot fail to notice how different such laughter can be. In literary criticism, it is customary to distinguish the following types of comic: humor, irony, satire and sarcasm. Also, experts distinguish between the techniques of the comic. These include hyperbole, absurdity, grotesque, fantasy, self-exposure and some others.</p> Mavlonova Ugiloy Khamdamovna Copyright (c) 2020 Mavlonova Ugiloy Khamdamovna 2020-09-06 2020-09-06 3 9 105 107 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.596 The period in which ghazali lived: the socio-political situation and the spiritual environment <p>The article analyzes the period of Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, the socio-political situation in the caliphate, the spiritual life and scientific activity of the thinker, as well as the ideas and mystical works that influenced the formation of his ideological, political, cultural and moral views.</p> Qodirov Davronbek Hoshimovich Copyright (c) 2020 Qodirov Davronbek Hoshimovich 2020-09-06 2020-09-06 3 9 108 111 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.597 Konsep Pendidikan Islam Menurut Mohammad Natsir Dan Relevansinya Dengan Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia <p>Mohammad Natsir adalah tokoh atau pelaku sejarah Negara Indonesia yang sangat berpengaruh dalam dunia politik Negara Indonesia. Selain menjadi tokoh politik Mohammad Natsir juga dikenal sebagai cendikiawan dan tokoh pemikir pembaharuan pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. Tujuan penulisan artikel ini adalah untuk mengungkap dan menggali konsep pemikiran Mohammad Natsir terhadap dunia pendidikan Islam di Indonesia dan menghubungkannya dengan konsep pendidikan di Indonesia pada saat ini.&nbsp; Dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kepustakaan atau library reseach dengan objek penelitian adala buku-buku karangan Mohammad Natsir yang membahas tentang pendidikan sedangkan untuk teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis konten. Hasil yang dapat diambil dalam penelitian ini adalah bahwa Mohammad Natsir memiliki konsep pendidikan Islam yang Integral, harmonis dan universal serta konsep pendidikan Islam yang dibawanya masih relevan dengan pendidikan Islam di Indonesia saat ini.</p> Aam Aziz Anshori Istikomah Copyright (c) 2020 Aam Aziz Anshori, Istikomah 2020-09-07 2020-09-07 3 9 112 115 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.598 Implementasi gerakan kepanduan hizbul wathan untuk meningkatkan karakter kepemimpinan siswa di mi muhammadiyah 3 penatarsewu <p>This study aimed to see how the implementation of the Hizbul Wathan scouting movement to improve the character of student leadership in MI Muhammadiyah 3 Penatarsewu. This type of research is to use qualitative research methods with a descriptive approach. The subjects in this study were the principal, the coach of Hizbul Wathan, the class teacher, students. Data collection is done by interviews, observations, and documentation. While in data analysis, using techniques in a way, namely data reduction, data presentation and drawing conclusions. The scouting movement of Hizbul Wathan's development in MI Muhammadiyah 3 Penatarsewu since its inception tends to be stagnant and not optimal. The obstacles that exist make the implementation of the scout movement hizbul wathan less than the maximum to improve the character of student leadership in MI Muhammadiyah 3 Penatarsewu.</p> Achmad Ziddanial Muqodash Badrie Eni Fariyatul Fahyuni Copyright (c) 2020 Achmad Ziddanial Muqodash Badrie, Eni Fariyatul Fahyuni 2020-09-07 2020-09-07 3 9 117 123 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.599 Cooperation between local geographers and Russian scientists in Turkestan (late 19th - early 20th century) <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>In this article, the author reveals the activities of the Turkestan amateur archeological circle established to conduct archaeological observations, research and partial excavations of artifacts in Turkestan, as well as the views of scientists working in this field. This approach will serve as additional material to previously published works in international scientific circles.</p> Mamajanov Azamzhon Copyright (c) 2020 Mamajanov Azamzhon 2020-09-08 2020-09-08 3 9 124 127 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.601 Formation and development of axiolinguistics <p>Modern linguistic research focuses on the practical problems of science, mainly on the person himself, i.e. his emotional-mental sphere, ethical and aesthetic views in man, the value system, the processes of understanding and perceiving the world. Mankind's spiritual experiences, attitudes, and values are reflected in his language. In this sense, axiolingual research shows the relevance of the topic. This article analyzes a number of studies on the formation and development of axiolinguistics that are currently evolving.</p> Komilova Gavharoy Ruzimovna Copyright (c) 2020 Komilova Gavharoy Ruzimovna 2020-09-08 2020-09-08 3 9 128 131 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.602 Theoretical and practical bases of investments and processes of their distribution in the conditions of modernization of economy <p>The article describes the process of investment and their distribution in the context of modernization of the economy and the development of science-based measures to ensure sustainable growth of enterprises, global competitiveness - an in-depth and comprehensive analysis of factors affecting investment efficiency.</p> Mullabayev Baxtiyarjon Bulturbayevich Saydullaeva Saodat Juraeva Umida Nurullaeva Shakhnoza Shamsieva Feruza Copyright (c) 2020 Mullabayev Baxtiyarjon Bulturbayevich, Saydullaeva Saodat, Juraeva Umida, Nurullaeva Shakhnoza, Shamsieva Feruza 2020-09-08 2020-09-08 3 9 132 137 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.603 Prejudice and Discrimination Relating to Covid-19 in Bangladesh’s Perspective <p>Covid-19 raised indeed prejudice among people than ever before what should never be taken for granted; the author intended to identify the circumstance of prejudice touching Covid-19 in Bangladesh. In this study, the author used the qualitative method of research to analyze and discuss data narratively. This study found out a simple result which is people relating to Covid-19, from the very beginning, were subjected to brutal and humiliating treatment. Other specific findings are- with a few exceptions, people were associated with prejudice about Covid-19; people did whatever they want without thinking the perilous situation of Covid-19 infected patients and dead body; as doctors and nurses treated infected patients, the neglect they had similarly suffered; the family of Covid-19 infected people also faced negligent practices of neighbors after the other. In this case, the sufferers couldn’t wait indefinitely and the policymakers of Bangladesh had a lot more to do while there is still time. Therefore, they took more effective and urgent actions which can be a wake-up call on how people should behave to make a greener future. This study will help researchers, academicians, and policymakers with providing valuable information about the situation of prejudice about Covid-19 in Bangladesh.</p> Abdul Karim Gazi Copyright (c) 2020 Abdul Karim Gazi 2020-09-09 2020-09-09 3 9 138 145 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.605 Tourism education in an emerging digital economy: World experience and perspectives in Uzbekistan <p><br>Worldwide tourism education is being promoted by various national and international agencies to achieve sustainable development goals. The presence of tourism education is tremendously growing in international universities. The results suggest that as per the academicians alongside with tourism professionals, the tourism education is highly relevant for economic development. It also shows that tourism education in Uzbekistan, is general a matter of course and specialization-based tourism programs are near to absent.</p> <p>This article is not focused on the criticism of reforms in legislation and their functionality, but rather on introducing possibilities which may present an alternative to developing and realizing projects along the lines of innovation in Uzbekistan. The question is how vocational training schools and institutes of higher education, specifically training programmes in tourism and hospitality, have changed and are changing now that the new laws on education, on vocational training. What kind of future can these institutions look forward to, what will they be teaching and in what conditions, especially, in time and after pandemic CoViD-19? This question applies equally to theoretical and practical training.</p> Azgarov Abdumutalib Alisher o’g’li Copyright (c) 2020 Azgarov Abdumutalib Alisher o’g’li 2020-09-12 2020-09-12 3 9 146 151 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.608 Aspects of the formation of market relations in Uzbekistan <p>Market economy is the basis of commodity-money relations, the nature of which is determined by objective economic laws. Market relations began to take shape at the dawn of civilization and went through more than a thousand-year path of development. Historically, two types of market relations. The first was spontaneously composed of scattered and uncoordinated actions of the producer and the consumer. The second is the complete opposite of the first: the state, through the introduction of prices, taxes, interest rates, profits, rents, subsidies and other instruments, has made market relations focused. The world experience and experience of Uzbekistan indicate that the market economy is developing according to objective laws that do not depend on anyone's will, and their ignoring is fraught with serious negative consequences. At present, market relations are the main form of existence of the world economy.</p> Yadgarova Sh.Kh. Tagirova Yu.F Tursunov A.Q Copyright (c) 2020 Yadgarova Sh.Kh. , Tagirova Yu.F, Tursunov A.Q 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 3 9 152 154 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.609 Office of the general governor of Turkestan and its activity in historiography <p>This article describes the period of the invasion of the Russian Empire, one of the darkest and most dangerous periods in the history of Turkestan, and the historiography of its governing regimes, methods of administration and state institutions and their activities. By the nineteenth century, the khanates, weakened by civil war, could not withstand the onslaught of the Russian Empire. This was because they were hostile to each other. After the Russian Empire conquered Turkestan, it established its own colonial order. The goal was to keep Turkestan under its chains for a long time and to suppress the feelings of national liberation. To this end, he introduced his own administrative style, including the governor's office, which was the main governing body. This small research paper describes the policy of the Russian Empire towards these goals and its coverage in historiography.</p> Hujayorova Sadokat Copyright (c) 2020 Hujayorova Sadokat 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 3 9 155 157 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.610 Curriculum Content and the Issue of Relevance in the 21st Century Classroom <p>The need to make curriculum content relevant so that learners can apply what they learned in school upon graduation, has been emphasized. Issues bothering on curriculum content, philosophy of pragmatism, 21st-century classroom, and relevance have been highlighted in this paper. It was recommended that: All stakeholders in education - teachers, school administrators, the government should adapt to changes that the 21<sup>st</sup> Century presents particularly in the area of technological advancements; For the fact that knowledge can quickly become obsolete in this era, learners should be equipped with problem-solving skills so that they will be able to face a contemporary problem; Curriculum content should be made relevant to the extent that what learners learn will be useful to them in their day-to-day activities.</p> Marilyn U. Ochoma Copyright (c) 2020 Marilyn U. Ochoma 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 3 9 158 164 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.611 Some considerations in teaching Uzbek language grammar <p><em>To inculcate our native language in the minds of the younger generation, self-awareness,</em> <em>to increase their interest in language learning, and in what form teaching is taught</em></p> Khahharova Sabokhat Abdugafurovna Khahharova Ozoda Abdugafurovna Copyright (c) 2020 Khahharova Sabokhat Abdugafurovna, Khahharova Ozoda Abdugafurovna 2020-09-17 2020-09-17 3 9 165 168 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.612 The influence of phraseological material on the motivation for learning foreign languages <p><em>This article discusses the study of phraseology and the impact of phraseological material on the motivation for learning foreign languages, improving vocabulary of learners, identifying differences and features of cultures of different nations.</em> <em>The study of the influence of phraseological material on motivation is necessary to identify the role of phraseological turns in the process of teaching foreign languages.&nbsp; Therefore, the subject of our research will be the process of mastering phraseological units.&nbsp; Since this is of great importance for the methodological base of the school.&nbsp; In our time, knowledge of one or several foreign languages ​​is necessary and prestigious.&nbsp; There are many methods of accelerated, but not always effective learning of foreign languages.&nbsp; Therefore, it is necessary that the level of teaching foreign languages ​​at school increases, and for this, new teaching methods should be sought.&nbsp; The study of phraseological units maintains interest in the study of foreign languages.&nbsp; It follows that motivation will increase and become stronger if we introduce such elements as phraseological phrases, proverbs and sayings. Moreover, the article explains the main classification of phraseological units in order to use them correctly in speech. </em></p> Rano Akhmedova Ashurovna Copyright (c) 2020 Rano Akhmedova Ashurovna 2020-09-17 2020-09-17 3 9 169 173 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.614 Peculiarities of the intellectual novel <p><em>The distinctive features of this scientific article intellectual novel is that it is an artistic synthesis of other art forms, a combination of mythology and philosophy realism and magic</em> <em>realism science fiction. A comparative study of the work of Oscar Wilde and Isajon Sultan.</em></p> Ro’ziyeva Dilfuza Salimboyevna Copyright (c) 2020 Ro’ziyeva Dilfuza Salimboyevna 2020-09-17 2020-09-17 3 9 174 176 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.615 The lexical-semantic properties of the symbol <p><em>The article reveals the essence of the symbol, its features and its significance in public life are illustrated by examples, being one of the most important forms of figurative thinking, which are classified by thematic groups. The structure of traditional symbols is based on the creation of folklore and a system of symbolic images, which has been used in literature for centuries</em></p> Dilnoza Sharipova Shavkatovna Copyright (c) 2020 Dilnoza Sharipova Shavkatovna 2020-09-17 2020-09-17 3 9 177 180 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.616 Student Learning and the Role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in 21st Century: A Review <p>In the last few decades, Information Technology has transformed the entire world into a village, known as Global Village, <strong>as proposed by Marshal McLuhan</strong>. ICT has increased its influence in every field like the education sector, defense sector, technology etc. In the 21st century, information and communication technology (ICT) has become an important and integral part of most educational organizations throughout the world.. The use of ICT in classroom teaching and learning processes has become indispensable as it gives teachers and learners the opportunity to operate, store, control and retrieve data in addition to promoting self-regulated and active learning. (<strong>Ali, Haolader &amp; Muhammad, 2013</strong>) Today we are dependent on technology and the role of ICT is increasing day by day <strong>and is believed to be a new normal</strong>. Keeping that in view, the present paper attempts to examine the relationship between information and communication technologies (ICT) and student learning. This conceptual paper&nbsp; is based on secondary information collected from different sources such as books, journal articles, newspapers, reports of various government organizations, non-governmental organizations and soon.</p> Jaspreet Singh Amir Shamim Shiekh Manmeet Kour Pankaj Kumar Copyright (c) 2020 Jaspreet Singh, Amir Shamim Shiekh, Manmeet Kour, Pankaj Kumar 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 3 9 181 185 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.617 The features of interpersonal relations of children with intellectual disabilities <p>This article reflects the main problems and difficulties experienced by junior schoolchildren with intellectual disabilities in relationships with peers.</p> Amirsaidova Shakhnoza Mirsagatovna Copyright (c) 2020 Amirsaidova Shakhnoza Mirsagatovna 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 3 9 186 188 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.618 Challenges Facing the Implementation of Teacher-Students Ratio Policy in Nigerian Educational System and the Ways Forward <p>The National policy on (1) prescribes a student-teacher ratio of 1:25 for pre-primary classes; 1:35 for primary and 1:40 for secondary schools. The policy are supposed to be adherence to by all educational institutions in the country but it is unfortunate that many public and private schools classroom are overpopulated. This articled examines the challenges facing the implementation of student-teacher ratio policy as drafted in the National policy on education. The article used secondary data to thrown light on points raised in this article. We identified the following as the challenges facing the implementation of student-teacher ratio policy and they includes: inadequate funding, inadequate teachers, inadequate infrastructural facilities, weak quality assurance agencies, lack of political will and corruption. To solve the challenges identified and to ensure implementation of student-teacher ratio policy in Nigeria, the article suggests that the government should: provide adequate funding, employ more professional teachers, provision of more infrastructural facilities, strengthen the quality assurance control agencies, fight institutional corruption and ensure population control.</p> Ogunode Niyi Jacob Ahaotu Godwin Ndubuisi Copyright (c) 2020 Ogunode Niyi Jacob, Ahaotu Godwin Ndubuisi 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 3 9 189 197 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.619 Analysis of household attitudes towards mobile banking in kota padang Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) Method <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the household interest in using mobile banking in Padang City. The factors studied in this research were risks, benefits, conveniences, trusts, and technology systems. This study used primary data by conducting a field survey through questionnaires distributed to 273 respondents in the Sawahan Village, East Padang District, Padang City. The data analysis method in this research wass qualitative by using descriptive analysis techniques and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) processed with the AMOS program. Descriptive analysis was used to show the relationship between respondent characteristics such as age, sex, education level, occupation, and income and the respondent’s interests in mobile banking. While the results of the analysis obtained by the SEM method show that perceived benefits, perceived conveniences, perceived risks, technology systems influence household interest in mobile banking in Padang City, there is no influence of perceived trusts on household interest in mobile banking in Padang City.</p> Marshely Zulhaisa Syafruddin Karimi Endrizal Ridwan Copyright (c) 2020 Marshely Zulhaisa, Syafruddin Karimi, Endrizal Ridwan 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 3 9 198 207 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.620 Resource saving - the basis of economic growth <p>In conditions of a high level of industrialization of the economy, the production process is accompanied by the consumption of a significant amount of resources. Due to the fact that material costs account for more than half of production costs, a decrease in the latter is the most important qualitative indicator of economic development. Saving raw materials, materials, fuel, energy helps to reduce the cost of production and the need for capital investments, the introduction of scientific and technological advances, the establishment of new balance relations and economic balance, an increase in production, and an improvement in the financial situation of enterprises.</p> Mamadalieva N.A Copyright (c) 2020 Mamadalieva N.A 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 3 9 208 210 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.621 Educational Strategic Plans in Nigeria: Challenges of Implementation and Ways Forwards <p>The article discusses the challenges facing implementation of educational strategic plans in Nigeria. Secondary data was used to support the points raised in the article. The secondary data were sourced from print material and online publication by recognized institutions and individual author. The article identified inadequate funding, poor planning, poor relationship between planners and implementer, weak administrators, inadequate infrastructural facilities, lack of political will, institutional corruption, inadequate personnel and insecurity. To address, the following measures were suggested: adequate funding, sound planning, positive relationship between planners and implementers, appointment of qualified administrators, provision of adequate infrastructural facilities, development of positive political will, fight institutional corruption in the education sector, ensure security of schools and employment of more professional teachers</p> Ogunode Niyi Jacob Ahaotu Godwin Ndubuisi Copyright (c) 2020 Ogunode Niyi Jacob, Ahaotu Godwin Ndubuisi 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 3 9 211 217 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.622 Study of resonant microstrip antennas on artificial neural networks <p>This paper presents a new model based on the backpropagation multilayered perception network to find accurately the bandwidth of both electrically thin and thick rectangular microstrip antennas. This proposed neural model does not require complicated Green's function methods and integral transformation techniques. The method can be used for a wide range of substrate thickness and permittivities and is useful for the computer-aided design of microstrip antennas. The results obtained by using this new method are in conformity with those reported elsewhere. This method may find wide applications in high-frequency printed antennas, especially at the millimeter-wave frequency range.</p> Gauri Shankar Manish Kumar Bijendra Mohan Copyright (c) 2020 Gauri Shankar, Manish Kumar, Bijendra Mohan 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 3 9 218 223 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.623 Systemic Review of the Bottlenecks and Priority Corresponding Strategic Interventions of Enhancing Environmental Management and Sustainability in the case of Ethiopia country <p>Appropriate management of natural resources (land, soil, water and environment) is a powerful influence on environmental quality and sustainability and can lead to increased long term agricultural production and productivity. Therefore, the extension system needs to introduce appropriate natural resources in order to avert environmental degradation. In this sub-section, four extension-related bottlenecks that affect resource management have been identified. These are, (1) Poor linkage between natural resource management and livelihood strategies, (2) Limited capacity on environment and Natural Resource Management (3) Low access to and use of climate smart agricultural technologies and agro-metrological information and (4) Less attention to environment sustainability in the extension advisory service. This strategy has developed four systemic interventions to address these bottlenecks.</p> Suleyman Abdureman Omer Nuradin Abdi Hassen Copyright (c) 2020 Suleyman Abdureman Omer, Nuradin Abdi Hassen 2020-09-19 2020-09-19 3 9 224 227 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.624 The influence of organic fertilizers on the yield and quality of watermelons <p>In connection with a decrease in soil fertility, it is necessary to revise the doses of mineral fertilizers when growing watermelons of the Shirin variety in the Tashkent region of Uzbekistan. It is also necessary to establish the doses of fertilizers that have a positive effect on the yield and quality of the products obtained. The research was carried out at the experimental base of the Research Institute of Vegetables - Melons and Potatoes, located in the Tashkent region. The soils where the studies were carried out are typical gray soils of old irrigation with a humus content in the upper 0-25 cm horizon of about 1%, in the lower 25-40 cm horizon - about 0,7%. Calcareous soil, in texture referring stay to the dark loam average at density. During the research, the previously recommended doses of fertilizers were taken for control. During the experiments, the doses of mineral and organic fertilizers were increased accordingly. Studies have shown that the highest yield of good quality watermelons was obtained when&nbsp;applying 25,0 t/ha of manure in combination with N<sub>225&nbsp;</sub>P<sub>225&nbsp;</sub>K<sub>150&nbsp;</sub> kg/ha and was equal to 21,2 t/ha, which is 37,7% higher than on the control variant (N<sub>150&nbsp;</sub>P<sub>150&nbsp;</sub>K<sub>100&nbsp;</sub> kg/ha) and had good biochemical indicators of product quality: sugars 8,11%, dry matter 9,1%, ascorbic acid 21,6 mg%, nitrogen nitrates 20,6 mg/kg, on the control these indicators were equal to 6,65%, 8,6%, 17,9 mg%,13.2 mg/kg, respectively.</p> Berezhnova Valentina Vasilievna Karazhojaeva Hamida Tadzhievna Copyright (c) 2020 Berezhnova Valentina Vasilievna, Karazhojaeva Hamida Tadzhievna 2020-09-19 2020-09-19 3 9 228 230 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.625 Influence of a chemical preparation of triazole50% cs on sowing the winter wheat against rust <p>The article is focused on the data of the carried works on studying biological efficiency of fungi Triazole 50% on sowing the winter wheat against yellow rust as well as on the height, development and fertility of the wheat.</p> <p>On May 5, 2019 from 9 to 10 o’clock under the temperature 21-23 field experiments of Triazol 50% CS manufactured by the firm “Agroximstar” (Uzbekistan) were carried out on winter wheat as a protector of seeds of winter wheat of Pervitsa sort against the disease of yellow rustin the irrigated conditions in an experimental field of the Institute “Istiklal” of Andijan district of Andijan region.</p> <p>The aim of the given research is to study biological-farming efficiency and determination of optimal norms of preparation expenses and to study the influence of fungicide on the height and development as well as on the fertility of the wheat.</p> <p>The received data showed that the preparation Triazole 50% CS effected on the pathogen of yellow rust favorably and besides that it didn’t effect on seed growth and energy of growth negatively.</p> AliyevSh.K. TuychiyevI.U Karimov N Umaraliev.M.I Copyright (c) 2020 AliyevSh.K., TuychiyevI.U, Karimov N, Umaraliev.M.I 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 3 9 231 233 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.626 “Improving endodontic treatment of chronic apical periodontitis with the use of depo of ipexpress and physiotherapy method of fluctuorization”. <p>In recent years, our country has seen positive trends in improving the effectiveness of endodontic dental treatment due to the introduction of modern technologies that allow predicting the results of dental treatment.</p> <p>However, in clinical practice, the number of unsuccessful treatment outcomes for caries complications has not decreased. It is known that the key to the effectiveness of endodontic treatment is the "three whales": cleaning, sterilization and obturation of the root canal system. However, at each stage of endodontic treatment, a significant number of errors are obtained. Thus, according to x-ray examination, it was found that only in 13.4% of cases the root canals were filled satisfactorily. But even with high-quality obturation, in 5-8% of cases, there is inflammation in the periodontium.</p> H. H. Hоjiev N.N.Xabibova Copyright (c) 2020 H. H. Hоjiev, N.N.Xabibova 2020-09-26 2020-09-26 3 9 224 228 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.633 "Differential diagnosis of patients with temporomandibular joint pain dysfunction syndromes" <p><em>The article presents the results of a study of a specially developed map proposed by the authors in 84 patients with TMJ DM aged from 20 to 60 years, and 36 patients without TMJ dysfunction were selected as a control. According to the results of the study, the authors found that the main number of patients accounted for 59.6% after 40 years and among women - 61.9% of cases; also found in patients 46.42% occlusive-articulatory syndrome, 33.33% neuromuscular syndrome and 20.23% dislocation of the intra-articular disc; that the relationship between the amplitude of the vertical movement of the lower jaw, changes in the bioelectric potential of the masticatory muscle and the occurrence of these pathologies</em></p> Gafforov Sunnatullo Amrulloevich Astanov Otabek Mirjonovich Copyright (c) 2020 Gafforov Sunnatullo Amrulloevich, Astanov Otabek Mirjonovich 2020-09-26 2020-09-26 3 9 229 234 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.634 The image of women's experiences in the stories of Jamila Ergasheva (On the example of Jamila Ergasheva's story "Death") <p><em>This article describes the spiritual experiences in the works of Jamila Ergasheva. The study of the world and art of images is reflected.</em></p> Sakbaeva Muxabbat Abdurahmanovna Rushana Zaripova Copyright (c) 2020 Sakbaeva Muxabbat Abdurahmanovna, Rushana Zaripova 2020-09-26 2020-09-26 3 9 235 236 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.635 Technology of logopedic examination and fluid speech for children <p><em>The article identifies the process of speech therapy for stuttering children's speech: the causes of stuttering, collection of anamnesis of children with stuttering speech defects, comprehensive examination of various aspects of speech, identification of the mechanism of developmental disorders and levels of stuttering using speech therapy-corrective technologies. Through this examination, the problems of speech defects in children in a timely manner were considered, and the purpose of the article was to reveal the concepts of stuttering, their comprehensive examination and methods of overcoming stuttering.</em></p> Maxkamova Umida Abdusattarovna Copyright (c) 2020 Maxkamova Umida Abdusattarovna 2020-09-26 2020-09-26 3 9 237 239 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.636 Methodology of developing algorithmic skills through mathematical images in preschool children <p><em>This article focuses on the methods, problems and solutions for the development of methods for improving the mathematical knowledge and algorithmic skills of preschool children. It is aimed at paying attention to the changing characteristics of the properties of the algorithm, taking into account the age, and to ensure that children act on the basis of algorithmic skills in lifestyle and training.</em></p> Kadirov Jasur Abdumalikovich Copyright (c) 2020 Kadirov Jasur Abdumalikovich 2020-09-26 2020-09-26 3 9 240 241 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.637 Speech features of children with hearing impairments <p>The degree of speech development is not the same as that of hearing impairment and depends on the following factors: the degree of hearing impairment; the time of onset of the hearing analyzer defect; pedagogical conditions of the child after hearing analyzer dysfunction; specific characteristics of the child. Each of the above factors plays a major role in assessing children’s speech. Hearing and speech development in children are directly related. The more a child’s hearing, the more speech is affected. If the importance of hearing is low, then the deviation of speech is not pronounced. If there is a hearing loss, the child will remain deaf until special education begins. With moderate hearing loss, there are disturbances in the phonetic, lexical, grammatical side of speech. Hearing loss can occur at different times in a child’s life. The presence or absence of a secondary appearance of the defect depends on the time factor. The faster the impairment occurs, the more it affects the formation of speech function. In a child under the age of two, the ability to hear leads to a complete lack of speech if speech is not yet formed. By the age of 3-3.5, hearing loss leads to loss of formed speech. If special preparation is not started immediately, speech will be almost completely broken by the age of 4-5 with full hearing. At the age of 6-7 years, hearing loss leads to a sharp deterioration of the child's speech, and without special pedagogical assistance, speech gradually deteriorates.</p> Muzaffarova Nodira Mardonovna Copyright (c) 2020 Muzaffarova Nodira Mardonovna 2020-09-26 2020-09-26 3 9 242 244 10.31149/ijie.v3i9.638