International Journal on Economics, Finance and Sustainable Development <p>International<strong> Journal on Economics, Finance and Sustainable Development (IJEFSD)</strong> is an international, peer-reviewed, and scholarly journal aimed at being a platform for interdisciplinary researchers across the globe to develop and advance both theory and practice of economics and finance while considering sustainability. &nbsp;<strong>IJEFSD</strong> welcomes all well-developed papers exploring areas of economics and finance including papers in the area of sustainable development. Moreover, the journal accepts research articles based but concerning a topic of interest in the field of sustainability while pointing out fields, such as, economics, marketing, business, management, sociology and but not limited. The journal welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. The submitted paper will be reviewed by the technical committees of the journal.</p> en-US [email protected] (Editor in Chief) [email protected] (Support Team) Tue, 16 Jul 2024 02:04:54 +0000 OJS 60 The Role of Financial Digitalization in Achieving Efficient Financial Performance Applied Research into Some Banks Listed on the Iraqi Stock Exchange <p>The primary objective of the study is to find or study the impact of digital finance, represented by the following dimensions (electronic bank branches, automated teller machines, electronic payment cards, and open banking services), on achieving efficient financial performance (capital adequacy, profitability, credit risk, liquidity) in commercial banks listed on the Iraqi Stock Exchange for the period (2015-2021). In order to achieve the goal of this study, statistical methods models were relied upon, using the least squares method, as the results of the study concluded that the relationship between financial digitalization and the efficiency of financial performance constitutes A positive linear relationship, meaning that the greater the financial digitization, the more efficient the financial performance. The research also presented a set of recommendations that relevant authorities can use.</p> Kareem Hasan Ali, Makki Shahad Dahham, Jasim Mohammed Yaseen Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal on Economics, Finance and Sustainable Development Mon, 15 Jul 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of a Solid Personality in Alleviating Occupational Bullying an Analytical Study of the Perspectives of a Purposive Sample of Teachers at the University of Karbala, College of Administration and Economics <p>This research aimed to investigate the relationship between the independent variable, Solid Personality, with its dimensions (control, challenge, commitment), and the dependent variable, job bullying, with its dimensions (belittling, undermining work, verbal abuse). The core research question was: "What is the relationship between Solid Personality and job bullying among a purposive sample at the College of Management and Economics, University of Karbala?" The significance of this research was underscored by the insights obtained from a thorough survey and analysis of the opinions of the research sample, which comprised 185 teaching respondents. This sample included the dean, 2 teaching assistants, and 182 teaching staff members. To collect data, a structured questionnaire was developed, based on a five-point Likert scale. The study utilized both descriptive and analytical statistical methods. Descriptive methods included calculating the arithmetic mean and standard deviation, while analytical methods involved linear regression and correlation coefficients, employing the SPSS software. The most critical conclusions drawn from the study highlighted the significant impact of Solid Personality on job bullying within the organization under investigation. The findings revealed that certain personality traits could potentially reduce instances of job bullying, thereby contributing to a more positive and supportive work environment.</p> Saleh Mahdi Mohammed Al-Hasnawi Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal on Economics, Finance and Sustainable Development Wed, 17 Jul 2024 11:41:47 +0000