Main Article Content


This paper discussed about the emergence of the nation-state, its historical background. This research mainly focused on the Renan philosophical concepts about the nation and nation state. According to Renan view, the soul with a common past and experience and the acceptance of its legacy is something which constructs a nation. This research enlightened the study of Pakistan as a nation, apart from Muslim nationalism the moderate political leaders have tried to develop this notion of oneness on the basis of the common struggle to receive this land and the admiration of the struggle by coming generations and accepting and embracing that legacy by new generations. This paper not only studied the Renan political though about nation state but also explained the Geertz concept of Sovereignty, Wimplemann philosophical views about working of state institutions, Kachtan thoughts on ethnicity, division and conflicts of people on the basis of ethnicity, Habermas and Bennett ideas on civil disobedience. It has been analyzed that the future of nation state is shady if it will be left on its own; it is the different things which artificially keep the sense of nation and nation state alive.


Renan Kachtan Habermas Bennett

Article Details

How to Cite
Shaloom Naeem, & Sharyl Naeem. (2021). What is The Future of Nation State? Case Study of Pakistan. International Journal on Orange Technologies, 3(3), 269-275.


  1. Brass, P. R. (2002). India, Myron Weiner and the political science of development. Economic and Political Weekly, 3026-3040
  2. Bennett, Elizabeth A., et al. 2013. “Disavowing Politics:Civic Engagement in an Era of Political Skepticism.” American Journal of Sociology 119(2): 518-548
  3. Calhoun, C. (1989). Revolution and repression in Tiananmen Square. Society, 26(6), 21-38.
  4. Chatterjee, Partha.“The Politics of the Governed.” The Politics of the Governed Reflections on 5. Popular Politics in Most of the World. Columbia University Press: New York, 2004: (53-81).
  5. Calabrese, J. (2014). Balancing on'the Fulcrum of Asia': China's Pakistan Strategy. Indian Journal of Asian Affairs, 27(1/2), 1-20.
  6. Durkheim, Emile. “Suicide and Fertility: A Study of Moral Statistics.” European Journal of Population/ Revue Europeene de Demographie 8, No. 3, 1992: 175-197
  7. Geertz, Clifford. “What is a State If It’s Not Sovereign?” Reflections on Politics in Complicated Places” Current Anthropology 45, No. 5, December 2004: 5777-593
  8. Habermas, Jurgen. “Civil Disobedience: Litmus Test for the Democratic Constitutional State.” Berkeley Journal of Sociology 30 (1985): 95-116.
  9. Kelly, M.G.E. “International Bio politics: Foucault, Globalization and Imperialism.” Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 57, No. 123 (June 2010): 1-26
  10. Marx, Karl. “The Fetishism of the Commodity and Its Secret”, In Philosophy of Communication. Edited by Briankle G. Ghang, Garnet C. Butchart. MIT Press, 2012
  11. Renan, Ernest, “What is a Nation?” In: Nation and Narration. Edited by Homi K . Bhabha. London.1990: Pp: 8-22.
  12. Roth, Guenther. “History and Sociology in the Work of Max Weber” , The British Journal of Sociology 27, No. 3, Special Issue. History and Sociology (Sep., 1976): 306-318.
  13. Wimpelmann, Torunn. “Gender, Violence, and Power in Afghanistan,” In the Pitfalls of Protection. University of California Press, 2017. (131- 151)
  14. Kumar, B. (n.d.). What is the relationship between Sociology and Political Science? Retrieved from