The Application of Machine Learning to the Prediction of Heart Attack

Main Article Content

R. Regin
S. Suman Rajest
Shynu T
Steffi. R

Abstract

Heart illnesses are among the most significant contributors to mortality in the world in the modern era. Heart attacks are responsible for the death of one person every 33 seconds. disease of the cardiovascular system by disclosing the proportion of mortality all over the world that are caused by heart attacks. In order to forecast instances of heart disease, a supervised machine learning method is utilised. Because the incidence of heart strokes in younger people is growing at an alarming rate, we need to establish a method that can identify the warning signs of a heart attack at an early stage and stop the stroke before it occurs. Because it is impractical for the average person to often undertake expensive tests like the electrocardiogram (ECG), there is a need for a system that is convenient and, at the same time, accurate in forecasting the likelihood of developing heart disease. Therefore, our plan is to create a programme that, given basic symptoms such as age, sex, pulse rate, etc., can determine whether or not a person is at risk for developing a cardiac condition. The machine learning algorithm neural networks that are used in the suggested system are the most accurate and dependable.

Article Details

How to Cite
R. Regin, S. Suman Rajest, Shynu T, & Steffi. R. (2023). The Application of Machine Learning to the Prediction of Heart Attack. International Journal of Human Computing Studies, 5(4), 5-25. Retrieved from https://journals.researchparks.org/index.php/IJHCS/article/view/4259
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References

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115. Chakrabarti P., Choudhury A., Naik N. , Bhunia C.T., “Key generation in the light of mining and fuzzy rule”, International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, 8(9), pp.332-337, 2008.
116. Chakrabarti P., De S.K., Sikdar S.C., “Statistical Quantification of Gain Analysis in Strategic Management” , International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security,9(11), pp.315-318, 2009.
117. Chakrabarti P. , Basu J.K. , Kim T.H., “Business Planning in the light of Neuro-fuzzy and Predictive Forecasting”, Communications in Computer and Information Science , 123, pp.283-290, 2010.
118. Prasad A. , Chakrabarti P., “Extending Access Management to maintain audit logs in cloud computing", International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications ,5(3),pp.144-147, 2014.
119. Sharma A.K., Panwar A., Chakrabarti P. ,Viswakarma S., “Categorization of ICMR Using Feature Extraction Strategy and MIR with Ensemble Learning”, Procedia Computer Science, 57,pp.686-694,2015.
120. Patidar H. , Chakrabarti P., “A Novel Edge Cover based Graph Coloring Algorithm”, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications , 8(5),pp.279-286,2017.
121. Patidar H., Chakrabarti P., Ghosh A., “Parallel Computing Aspects in Improved Edge Cover based Graph Coloring Algorithm”, Indian Journal of Science and Technology ,10(25),pp.1-9,2017.
122. M. Farooq, “Supervised Learning Techniques for Intrusion Detection System based on Multi-layer Classification Approach,” International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, vol. 13, no. 3, 2022.
123. M. Farooq and M. Hassan, “IOT smart homes security challenges and solution,” International Journal of Security and Networks, vol. 16, no. 4, p. 235, 2021.
124. M. Farooq and M. Hassan, “Pattern recognition in digital images using fractals,” International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, vol. 9, no. 2, p. 3180 – 3183, 2019.
125. M. Farooq, “Optimizing pattern recognition scheme using genetic algorithms in computer image processing”. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology. vol. 4, no. 3, p. 834 – 836, 2015.
126. M. Farooq, “Application of Genetic Algorithm & Morphological Operations for Image Segmentation”. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering. vol.4, no.3, p. 195-199, 2015.
127. M. Farooq, “Split/Merge and Chromosome Encoding Model of Genetic Algorithm For Image Segmentation & Optimization”. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science, vol. 6, p. 87-91, 2015.
128. M. Farooq, “Color Edge Detection Based on the Fusion of Intensity and Chromatic Differences”. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE). vol. 8, no. 6, p. 1038–1041, 2020.
129. M. Farooq, “Enhancement and Segmentation of Digital Image using Genetic Algorithm”. International Journal of Research in Electronics and Computer Engineering. vol.7, no. 2, p. 2619–2623, 2019.
130. M. Farooq, “Genetic algorithm technique in hybrid intelligent systems for pattern recognition”. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. vol. 4, no. 4, p.1891-1898, 2015.
131. M. Farooq, “Application of Genetic Programming for Pattern Recognition”. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering. vol. 4, no. 4, p. 14-17, 2015.
132. Srinath Venkatesan, “Design an Intrusion Detection System based on Feature Selection Using ML Algorithms”, MSEA, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 702–710, Feb. 2023
133. Srinath Venkatesan, “Identification Protocol Heterogeneous Systems in Cloud Computing”, MSEA, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 615–621, Feb. 2023.
134. Cristian Laverde Albarracín, Srinath Venkatesan, Arnaldo Yana Torres, Patricio Yánez-Moretta, Juan Carlos Juarez Vargas, “Exploration on Cloud Computing Techniques and Its Energy Concern”, MSEA, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 749–758, Feb. 2023.
135. Srinath Venkatesan, “Perspectives and Challenges of Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Commercial Social Networks”Volume 21, No 5 (2023).
136. Srinath Venkatesan, Zubaida Rehman, “The Power Of 5g Networks and Emerging Technology and Innovation: Overcoming Ongoing Century Challenges” Ion exchange and adsorption, Volume 23, Issue 1, 2023.
137. Srinath Venkatesan, “Challenges of Datafication: Theoretical, Training, And Communication Aspects of Artificial Intelligence” Ion exchange and adsorption. Volume 23, Issue 1, 2023.
138. Giovanny Haro-Sosa , Srinath Venkatesan, “Personified Health Care Transitions With Automated Doctor Appointment System: Logistics”, Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, pp. 2832–2839, Feb. 2023
139. Srinath Venkatesan, Sandeep Bhatnagar, José Luis Tinajero León, "A Recommender System Based on Matrix Factorization Techniques Using Collaborative Filtering Algorithm", neuroquantology, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 864-872, march 2023.
140. Srinath Venkatesan, "Utilization of Media Skills and Technology Use Among Students and Educators in The State of New York", Neuroquantology, Vol. 21, No 5, pp. 111-124, (2023).
141. Srinath Venkatesan, Sandeep Bhatnagar, Iván Mesias Hidalgo Cajo, Xavier Leopoldo Gracia Cervantes, "Efficient Public Key Cryptosystem for wireless Network", Neuroquantology, Vol. 21(5), pp. 600-606, (2023).
142. V. S. R. Kosuru and A. K. Venkitaraman, “Developing a Deep Q-Learning and Neural Network Framework for Trajectory Planning”, EJENG, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 148–157, Dec. 2022.
143. K. Venkitaraman and V. S. R. Kosuru, “Hybrid Deep Learning Mechanism for Charging Control and Management of Electric Vehicles”, EJECE, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 38–46, Jan. 2023.
144. Khan, S. (2021). Visual Data Analysis and Simulation Prediction for COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia Using SEIR Prediction Model. International Journal of Online Biomedical Engineering, 17(8).
145. Khan, S., & Alghulaiakh, H. (2020). ARIMA Model for Accurate Time Series Stocks Forecasting. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science Applications, 11(7), 524-528.
146. Khan, S., & Alqahtani, S. (2020). Big data application and its impact on education. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 15(17), 36-46.
147. Khan, S., Fazil, M., Sejwal, V. K., Alshara, M. A., Alotaibi, R. M., Kamal, A., & Baig, A. R. (2022). BiCHAT: BiLSTM with deep CNN and hierarchical attention for hate speech detection. Journal of King Saud University-Computer Information Sciences, 34(7), 4335-4344.
148. Khan, S., Saravanan, V., Lakshmi, T. J., Deb, N., & Othman, N. A. (2022). Privacy Protection of Healthcare Data over Social Networks Using Machine Learning Algorithms. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2022, 8 pages.
149. Khan, S., & AlSuwaidan, L. (2022). Agricultural monitoring system in video surveillance object detection using feature extraction and classification by deep learning techniques. Computers and Electrical Engineering, 102, 108201.
150. Khan, S. (2022). Business Intelligence Aspect for Emotions and Sentiments Analysis. Paper presented at the 2022 First International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, Information and Communication Technologies.
151. Khan, S. A., Reemiah Muneer. (2023). A Novel Thresholding for Prediction Analytics with Machine Learning Techniques. International Journal Of Computer Science And Network Security, 23(1), 33.
152. Khan, S., & AlAjmi, M. F. (2019). A Review on Security Concerns in Cloud Computing and their Solutions. International Journal of Computer Science Network Security, 19(2), 10.
153. Alfaifi, A. A., & Khan, S. G. (2022). Utilizing Data from Twitter to Explore the UX of “Madrasati” as a Saudi e-Learning Platform Compelled by the Pandemic. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research, 39(3), 200-208.
154. Aryal, A., Stricklin, I., Behzadirad, M., Branch, D. W., Siddiqui, A., & Busani, T. (2022). High-Quality Dry Etching of LiNbO3 Assisted by Proton Substitution through H2-Plasma Surface Treatment. Nanomaterials, 12(16), 2836.
155. Paldi, Robynne L., Arjun Aryal, Mahmoud Behzadirad, Tito Busani, Aleem Siddiqui, and Haiyan Wang. "Nanocomposite-seeded Single-Domain Growth of Lithium Niobate Thin Films for Photonic Applications." In 2021 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), pp. 1-2. IEEE, 2021.
156. Shifat, A. Z., Stricklin, I., Chityala, R. K., Aryal, A., Esteves, G., Siddiqui, A., & Busani, T. (2023). Vertical Etching of Scandium Aluminum Nitride Thin Films Using TMAH Solution. Nanomaterials, 13(2), 274.
157. A. Ghosh, P. Chakrabarti, P. Siano, “Approach towards realizing the Security Threats for Mobile IPv6 and Solution Thereof”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Foundation of Computer Science, Vol. 90, Issue 10, Jan. 2014.
158. A. Ghosh, P. Chakrabarti, D. Bhatnagar, “Performance Evaluation of Optimized Mobile IP Protocol Vis-à-vis Bit Map Indexing Method”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Foundation of Computer Science, Vol. 75, Issue: 2, Jan. 2013.
159. Papiya Debnath, Pankaj Chittora, Tulika Chakrabarti, Prasun Chakrabarti, Zbigniew Leonowicz, Michal Jasinski , Radomir Gono, Elżbieta Jasińska, “Analysis of earthquake prediction in India using supervised machine learning classifiers”, Sustainibility ,13(2):971 , 2021.
160. 21. Pankaj Chittora, Sandeep Chaurasia, Prasun Chakrabarti, Gaurav Kumawat, Tulika Chakrabarti, Zbigniew Leonowiz, Michael Jaisinski, Lukasz Jaisinski, Radomir Gono, Elzbieta Jaisinski, Vadim Bolshev, “Prediction of Chronic Kidney Disease - A Machine Learning perspective", IEEE Access,9 : 17312-17334,2021
161. Akhilesh Kumar Sharma, Gaurav Aggarwal, Sachit Bhardwaj, Prasun Chakrabarti, Tulika Chakrabarti, Jemal Hussain, Siddhartha Bhattarcharyya, Richa Mishra, Anirban Das, Hairulnizam Mahdin, “Classification of Indian Classical Music with Time-Series Matching using Deep Learning”, IEEE Access , 9 : 102041-102052 , 2021.
162. Abrar Ahmed Chhipa , Vinod Kumar, R. R. Joshi, Prasun Chakrabarti, Michal Jaisinski, Alessandro Burgio, Zbigniew Leonowicz, Elzbieta Jasinska, Rajkumar Soni, Tulika Chakrabarti, “Adaptive Neuro-fuzzy Inference System Based Maximum Power Tracking Controller for Variable Speed WECS”, Energies ,14(19) :6275, 2021.
163. Tulika Chakrabarti, Sibabrata Mukhopadhyay, Prasun Chakrabarti, Gholamreza Hatam, Mohammad Nami, “Phenyl Ethanoid Glycoside from the bark of Oroxylum indicum vent : a potential inhibitor of DNA Topoisomerase IB of Leismania donovani”, Journal of Advanced Medical Sciences and Applied Technologies , 2021.
164. Sreemoy Kanti Das, GS Chakraborthy, Tulika Chakrabarti, Prasun Chakrabarti, Mohammad Javad Gholamzadeh, Mohammad Nami, “Evaluation of nootropic activity of standardized Epipremnum aureum extract against scopolamine-induced amnesia in experimental animals”, Journal of Advanced Medical Sciences and Applied Technologies, 6(1): 64-71,2021
165. A, V. V. ., T, S. ., S, S. N. ., & Rajest, D. S. S. . (2022). IoT-Based Automated Oxygen Pumping System for Acute Asthma Patients. European Journal of Life Safety and Stability (2660-9630), 19 (7), 8-34.
166. Regin, D. R., Rajest, D. S. S., T, S., G, J. A. C., & R, S. (2022). An Automated Conversation System Using Natural Language Processing (NLP) Chatbot in Python. Central Asian Journal Of Medical And Natural Sciences, 3(4), 314-336.
167. Rajest, S. S. ., Regin, R. ., T, S. ., G, J. A. C. ., & R, S. . (2022). Production of Blockchains as Well as their Implementation. Vital Annex : International Journal of Novel Research in Advanced Sciences, 1(2), 21–44.
168. T, S., Rajest, S. S., Regin, R., Christabel G, J. A., & R, S. (2022). Automation And Control Of Industrial Operations Using Android Mobile Devices Based On The Internet Of Things. Central Asian Journal of Mathematical Theory and Computer Sciences, 3(9), 1-33.
169. Jerusha Angelene Christabel G, Shynu T, S. Suman Rajest, R. Regin, & Steffi. R. (2022). The use of Internet of Things (Iot) Technology in the Context of “Smart Gardens” is Becoming Increasingly Popular. International Journal of Biological Engineering and Agriculture, 1(2), 1–13.
170. R. Steffi, G. Jerusha Angelene Christabel, T. Shynu, S. Suman Rajest, R. Regin (2022), “ A Method for the Administration of the Work Performed by Employees”, Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, Vol.14, no.1, pp. 7-23.
171. R. Regin, Steffi. R, Jerusha Angelene Christabel G, Shynu T, S. Suman Rajest (2022), “Internet of Things (IoT) System Using Interrelated Computing Devices in Billing System”, Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, Vol.14, no.1, pp. 24-40.
172. S. S. Rajest, R. Regin, S. T, J. A. C. G, and S. R, “Improving Infrastructure and Transportation Systems Using Internet of Things Based Smart City”, CAJOTAS, vol. 3, no. 9, pp. 125-141, Sep. 2022.
173. Regin, R., Rajest , S. S., T , S., G, J. A. C., & R , S. (2022). An Organization’s Strategy that is Backed by the Values and Visions of its Employees’ Families. Central Asian Journal of Innovations on Tourism Management and Finance, 3(9), 81-96.
174. Regin, R., Rajest, S. S., T, S., Christabel G, J. A. and R, S. (2022) “The Influence that the Advertising of Pharmaceuticals has on the Economy”, Central Asian Journal Of Social Sciences And History, 3(10), pp. 1-18.
175. Regin, R., Rajest, S. S., T, S., G, J. A. C., & R, S. (2022). Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Challenges and Inventory Management. Central Asian Journal of Innovations on Tourism Management and Finance, 3(10), 143-159.
176. R, S., Regin, R., Rajest, S. S., T, S. and G, J. A. C. (2022) “Rail Project’s Needed Project Management Approaches, Strategies, Methodologies, and Processes”, International Journal on Economics, Finance and Sustainable Development, 4(10), pp. 109-126.
177. Priscila, S. S., Rajest, S. S., T, S. and G, G. (2022) “An Improvised Virtual Queue Algorithm to Manipulate the Congestion in High-Speed Network”, Central Asian Journal of Medical and Natural Science, 3(6), pp. 343-360.
178. Regin, R., Rajest, S. S., T, S., & R, S. (2023). An Analytical Study of Development in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic. Central Asian Journal of Medical and Natural Science, 4(1), 199-216. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/423PJ
179. Regin, R., Rajest, S. S., T, S., & R, S. (2023). A Review of Secure Neural Networks and Big Data Mining Applications in Financial Risk Assessment. Central Asian Journal of Innovations on Tourism Management and Finance, 4(2), 73-90.
180. Prasun Chakrabarti , Tulika Chakrabarti , Mayank Sharma. , D Atre D, K.Baba Pai, “Quantification of Thought Analysis of Alcohol-addicted persons and memory loss of patients suffering from stage-4 liver cancer”, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 1053, pp.1099-1105, 2020
181. Prasun Chakrabarti, Tulika Chakrabarti , Biswajit Satpathy, I SenGupta , Jonathan Andrew Ware, “Analysis of strategic market management in the light of stochastic processes, recurrence relation, Abelian group and expectation”, Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Data Engineering, 1133 , pp.701-710, 2020
182. Prasun Chakrabarti, Siddhant Bane, Biswajit Satpathy , Mark Goh , B N Datta , Tulika Chakrabarti, “Compound Poisson Process and its Applications in Business”, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 601, pp.678-685,2020
183. Roja Boina, “Assessing the Increasing Rate of Parkinson's Disease in the US and its Prevention Techniques”, International Journal of Biotechnology Research and Development, 3(1), pp. 1-18, 2022.
184. S. Pandya, T. R. Gadekallu, P. K. Reddy, W. Wang and M. Alazab, "InfusedHeart: A Novel Knowledge-Infused Learning Framework for Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Events," in IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems, doi: 10.1109/TCSS.2022.3151643.