Main Article Content


The article discusses the types of education in France: primary, secondary and higher. France ranks first among non-English speaking countries in terms of the number of international students studying in it. Every third doctoral degree here is awarded to a foreigner.


education neutrality secularism non-religiousness self-expression perceive feel imagine create

Article Details

How to Cite
Abdukhalikovna, M. K., & Khinzhihon, R. (2023). Features of Higher Education in Europe: On the Example of France. International Journal on Economics, Finance and Sustainable Development, 5(3), 7-13. Retrieved from


  1. 1. André Grelon, "The development of business schools in France (1800—1914) and relations with engineering training", in Monique de Saint Martin, Mihai Dinu Gheorghiu (dir.), Les Écoles de gestion et la formation of elites, Paris, MSH, 1997, pp. 15-33.
  2. 2. Gilles Lazuech, "The question of the training of "managers" in business and engineering schools in France since the beginning of the 1980s", in Monique de Saint Martin, Mihai Dinu Gheorghiu (dir.), Les écoles of management and the training of elites, Paris, MSH, 1997, pp. 203—222.
  3. 3. Gilles Lazuech, The French Exception. The model of the Grandes Ecoles put to the test of globalization, Rennes, fr:Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 1999.
  4. 4. Henri Le More, Ruling classes, owning classes. Sociological essay on the Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales, Paris, EHESS, doctoral thesis, 1976.
  5. 5. Henri Le More, "The invention of the commercial framework: 1881—1914", Sociologie du travail, n°4, 1982, pp. 443—450.
  6. 6. Leon A., Roche P., History of education in France, Puf

Most read articles by the same author(s)