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The disruption of teaching and learning, and the subsequent closure of educational institutions in most countries of the world amidst the Covid-19 pandemic is worrisome. This has especially brought to the fore the inadequacies in the Nigerian educational systems and structures, especially in primary schools. This paper focused on the need for urgent adoption and application of e-learning in the Nigeria primary schools. First, the paper critically scrutinized the emergence and impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the educational systems. Second, the paper discussed the essence of e-learning along with the ten recommendations for teachers’ and learners’ engagement in e-learning as prescribed by UNESCO (2020). The paper further discussed the Challenges confronting effective teaching and learning in primary schools amidst the pandemic. Finally, to better the teaching and learning status in Nigeria primary schools, the paper implied amongst others; that government and education stakeholders should as a matter of urgency; fund the development and training of teachers and learners in computer and ICT knowledge, equip primary schools with ICT facilities and sponsor television and radio e-learning classes for pupils’ home learning
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