Main Article Content


This paper is an analysis of the characteristics of distance education in Uganda in relation to their conformity to the definition of distance education by ADEA. Very little in depth study had been done on ADEAs recommendations and their application in Uganda. This research undertook a case study of eight universities from Western and Eastern Uganda offering distance education programs. They were analysed using ADEA’s characteristics of distance education namely: institutional accreditation, use of a variety of media, provision of two-way communication and, possibility of face-to-face meetings for tutorials. The paper concluded that institutional accreditation played a major role in student selection of university and all eight participating universities conducted face to face sessions. However, there was still a lot of improvement needed in the areas of adoption of technology, the use of a variety of media including computer based learning, video, radio and compact discs. There were also observable gaps in the two way communication between teacher and student.


Distance Education Characteristics of Distance Education by ADEA

Article Details

How to Cite
Namagero, S.T. 2021. Analysis of distance education in Uganda using ADEA’s characteristics of distance education. International Journal on Integrated Education. 4, 5 (May 2021), 18-27. DOI:


  1. 1. ADEA, R. (2002, April). Distance Education and Open Learning In Sub-Saharan Africa. A Literature Survey On Policy And Practice. Retrieved May 2020, from ADEA REPORT:
  2. 2. Brown, G. (2012, November). Definitions of Communication. Retrieved August 2020, from
  3. 3. Cambridge, D. (2020, April). newspaper. Retrieved April 2020, from cambridge
  4. 4. ( 2020, April). cassette. Retrieved April 2020, from
  5. 5. (2020, May). compact disc. Retrieved May 2020, from
  6. 6. Collins. (2020, April). Retrieved April 2020, from collins dictionary :
  7. 7. COUNCIL, R. (2009, January). SELECTION OF PRINT MATERIAL REQUIRED FOR CLASSROOM USE. Retrieved April 2020, from
  8. 8. Dictionary, C. (2020, April). workbook. Retrieved April 2020, from
  9. 9. Google. (2020, June). magazine. Retrieved June 2020, from
  10. 10. Google. (2020, April). print definition. Retrieved april 2020, from google:
  11. 11. Google. (2020, July). Video. Retrieved July 2020, from Google:
  12. 12. Juliana, Bbuye; John, Mango Magero. (2005). Origin and Trend of Distance Education in Uganda. Journal of Social Science , 166- 171.
  13. 13. K12Academics. (2020, June). computer based learning. Retrieved June 2020, from,are%20used%20for%20teaching%20purposes.
  14. 14. Kaplan, Andreas M; Haenlein, Michael. (2016). Higher education and the digital revolution: About MOOCs, SPOCs, social media and the Cookie Monster. Business Horizon , 59 (4), 441- 450.
  15. 15. Marina, Stock McIsaac; Charlotte, Nirmalani Gunawardena. (2001). Distance Education. The Handbook of Research for Educational Communications and Technology , 1-36.
  16. 16. Matovu, M. (2012). Distance Education in Uganda: Issues, Opportunities, and Challenges. International Journal of Sustainable Development , 63 - 70.
  17. 17. Merriam-Webster. (2020, July). reference book. Retrieved July 2020, from
  18. 18. merriam-webster. (2020, May). telecomunication. Retrieved May 2020, from
  19. 19. Sterling, C. H. (2020, April). Radio communication. Retrieved April 2020, from
  20. 20. Tait, A. (2003, April). Reflections on Student Support in Open and Distance Learning. Retrieved January 2021, from irrodl:
  21. 21. Wikipedia. (2020, July). television. Retrieved July 2020, from£
  22. 22. Wikipedia. (2020, July). textbook. Retrieved July 2020, from https://www.wikipedia?textbook