Main Article Content

Abstract

The study examined how transition of students from boarding high schools to public Universities influenced academic achievement in terms of Grade point Average (GPA). It explored the life style indicators of these students while in the University of Bamenda specifically, involvement in extracurricular “social” activities and absence from classes by students who leave boarding schools to the University and academic achievement. The survey research design was used in this study. A questionnaire (Likert scale) instrument was used to collect data from year 2 and 3 students in the University of Bamenda.  Significant transition indicators of life style that is, focus on extracurricular (social) activities and absenteeism indicators were examined to see how they influenced academic achievement year one in the university. The random simple sampling and purposive sampling methods were used to select 204 students who provided data for the study. Data was processed and analyzed using SPSS version 21. The results showed that students who left boarding high schools to public Universities had a lower achievement rate as compared to their counterparts who left day schools. The t-test of 0.028* which was lower that the alpha level of 0.05 was indicative.  This low academic achievement was influenced by two factors that is absenteeism with a mean overall score of absenteeism with a mean overall score of 2.69 and involvement in extracurricular social activities with a mean overall score of 2.65.  It was therefore recommended that while in high school students should be informed on the expectations and functioning of Public Universities especially in areas of lifestyle which involve extracurricular activities, patterns of engagement with classroom work and class attendance. The university authorities should in put in place a facility for continuous counselling and follow-up of students upon entry into the university milieu.

Keywords

Transition boarding high school extra-curricular social activities absenteeism University Academic achievement

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Achiri, L.B.J. 2022. Transition of Students from Boarding High Schools to Universities in the North West Region of Cameroon Implication for Academic Achievement. International Journal on Integrated Education. 5, 1 (Jan. 2022), 29-41. DOI:https://doi.org/10.31149/ijie.v5i1.2593.

References

  1. 1. Ainsworth November 2013. Attachment & Human Development 15(5-6):460-484 DOI:10.1080/14616734.2013.835128 Source. PubMed
  2. 2. Ansari W, Stock C, John J, Deeny P. (2011). Health promoting behaviours and lifestyle characteristics of students at seven universities in the UK. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2011;19(4):197–204. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  3. 3. Anser, M. K. Yousaf, Z, Khan M. A et al.https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8894006...Volume 2020 (article ID 8894006)
  4. 4. Behaghely (2015). International Journal of Education and Research 4 (6), 73-84, 2016
  5. 5. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist 32 (7): 513–531.
  6. 6. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  7. 7. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1986). Ecology of the family as a context for human development: Research perspectives. Developmental Psychology 22 (6): 723–742.
  8. 8. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1995). Developmental ecology through space and time: A future perspective. In Examining lives in context: Perspectives on the ecology of human development, ed. P. Moen, G.H. Elder Jr., and K. Lüscher, 619–647. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  9. 9. Durlak, J. A, Weissberg, R. P, & Pachan, M (2010). A meta-analysis of after-school programs that seek to promote personal and social skills in children and adolescents American Journal of Community Psychology, 45,294-309.
  10. 10. Eccles, J. (2003). Extracurricular activities and adolescent development. Journal of Social Issues, 59(4),865-889.
  11. 11. Fredricks, J, A., & Eccles, J. S., (2005). Family Socialization, Gender, And Sport Motivation and Involvement. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
  12. 12. George Siemens: First Published August 20, 2013
  13. 13. Green G. (2001). Psychology Focus on autism and Other Developmental Disabilities. Published 1 May 2001
  14. 14. Greenhow, C (2011a). Youth, Learning and social media journal of Educational Computing Research, 45(2), 139-146.
  15. 15. Gottfried, M. A. (2015). The influence of applied STEM course taking on advanced mathematics and science course taking. The Journal of Educational Research, 108(5), 382-399
  16. 16. Grosso, G, Mistretta, A, Frigiola, A. et al. (2014) Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular risk factors: a systematic review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 54, 593–610.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
  17. 17. Grosso, G, Mistretta, A, Marventano, S et al. (2014) Beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet on metabolic syndrome. Curr Pharm Des 20, 5039–5044.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed.
  18. 18. Hansen D.M, R.W Larson (2007)/ Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 28 (2007) 360-374
  19. 19. Hong, J.S., and D.L. Espelage. (2012). A review of research on bullying and peer victimization in school: An ecological system analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior 17: 311–322.
  20. 20. Hong J. S, Espelage D.L., Grogan A. K, (2001). Educational Psychology. Springer.
  21. 21. Kearney, C.A. (2008) School Absenteeism and School Refusal Behavior in Youth: a contemporary Review. Clinical Psychology Review, 8,451-471. http;//doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2007.07.012
  22. 22. King, D. L. et al. (2013). The impact of prolonged violent video-gaming on adolescent sleep: an experimental study. J. Sleep Res. 22, 137–143 (2013).
  23. 23. Lipari, R.N., & Jean-Francois, B. (2016). A Day in the Life of College Students Aged 18 to 22: Substance Use Facts The CBHSQ Report: May 26, 2016. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD.
  24. 24. Martín, G. J.; Pentón, G.; Noda, Y.; Contino, Y.; Díaz, M.; Ojeda, F.; Jiménez, F. A.; López, O.; Agramont, D.; Milagros, M., (2014). Behavior of mulberry (Morus alba L.) and its impact on the animal production and the breeding of silkworms in Cuba. Cuban J. Agric. Sci., 48 (1): 73-78
  25. 25. Martin, C.J (2016). Ecological economics 2016- Elsevier
  26. 26. Marsh, H.W., Hau, K.T and Kong, C.K. (2002) Multilevel casual ordering of academic self concept and achievement: Influence of language of instruction (English compared with Chinese) for Hong Kong Student. American Research Journal 39(3),727-763
  27. 27. Marsh, H.W and Kleitman, S. (2002) Extracurricular School Activities: The Good, The Bad and The Nonlinear. Harvard EducAtional Review, 72, 464-515. http://dx.doi.org/10.17763/haer.72.4051388703v7v7736
  28. 28. Mitsutake F, Adams S. (2011) Behavioural lifestyle and mental health status. American Journal of Health Promotion.;20(9):36–48. [Google Scholar]
  29. 29. Moris, M. (2013). Why children as young as three are sent to boarding schools in China. BBC World Services, Shanghai.
  30. 30. Morrissey, T. W., Hutchison, L., & Winsler, A. (2014). Family income, school attendance, and academic achievement in elementary school. Developmental Psychology, 50(3), 741–753. doi:10.1037/a0033848 Ready,
  31. 31. Richards, J, & Rodgers, T (2001). Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching (p204). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  32. 32. Romer, D (1993) Openness and Inflation Theory and Evidence. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 108, 869-903.
  33. 33. Rowe, D and Newton, J (1994) You, me, us! Social and moral responsibility for primary schools. Citizenship Foundation, London.
  34. 34. Smokowski, P.R. and Kopasz, K.H. (2005) Bullying in School: An Overview of Types, Effects, Family Characteristics, and Intervention Strategies. Children & Schools, 27, 101-110. https://doi.org/10.1093/cs/27.2.101
  35. 35. Tavassoli E, Shariferad G.R., Shojaezadeh D. (2013) The relation between health-promoting lifestyle and quality of life in undergraduate students at school of health. Isfahan University of Medical Sciences Iran. J Health Syst Res. 2013;7(4):442–48. [Google Scholar]
  36. 36. United States Census Bureau. (2014). Table 5. Type of college and year enrolled for college students 15 years old and over, by age, sex, race, attendance status, control of school, and enrollment status: October 2014. In Current Population Survey October 2014—Detailed tables. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/hhes/school/data/cps/2014/tables.html
  37. 37. Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mind in Society. London: Harvard University Press.