Main Article Content
This paper critically examines Kwame Nkrumah’s views that materialism as a socialism can lead to the liberation of Africa from neo-colonialism. To this effect I scrutinize Nkrumah’s rejection of Idealism in favour of materialism, the materialism he argues naturally promotes egalitarianism, a view critically looked at. I proceed to analyze Nkrumah’s distinctive conception of materialism as a tool to fight against western religion and politics, forms of neo-colonialism on the continent
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
In submitting the manuscript to the International Journal on Integrated Education (IJIE), the authors certify that:
- They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.
- The work described has not been formally published before, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis, or overlay journal.
- That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere,
- The publication has been approved by the author(s) and by responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.
- They secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere.
- They agree to the following license and copyright agreement.
License and Copyright Agreement
Authors who publish with International Journal on Integrated Education (IJIE) agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the International Journal on Integrated Education (IJIE) right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the International Journal on Integrated Education (IJIE) published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
- BYARUHANGA, Rukooko Achangel (1991), The Failure Of Socialism To Cater For Freedom: A Philosophical Study Of Kwame Nkrumah, A Thesis Submitted In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements For The Degree Of Master Of Arts In The University Of Nairobi.
- Igboin, Benson O (2011), “Colonialism and African cultural values” African Journal of History and Culture Vol. 3(6).
- Njoku, F.O. C, (2002), Essays in African philosophy, thought, theology, SNAAP, Enugu.
- Nkrumah, Francis N. (1941). Primitive Education in West Africa. Educational Outlook, Vol 15 Num 2.
- LEGUM, Colin (1965), Pan- Africanism, a short political guide, praeger paper back, New york.
- Marowits, (1969), Leopold Sedar Senghor and the politics of Negritude, Antheneum, New York.
- MARX, Karl & ENGELS, Friedrich,The Manifesto of the Communist Party (International Publishers).
- Afari-Gyan, K. (1991),Kwame Nkrumah’s Ideology.The Life and Work of Kwame Nkrumah, edited by Kwame Arhin. Accra: SEDCO.
- Arhin, Kwame, (1982), The Life and Work of Kwame Nkrumah, Trenton, New Jersey, Africa World Press.
- Chuba Okadigbo, (1985), Consciencism in African political philosophy, (Nkrumah’s critique) FDP, Enugu.
- Obeng, Samuel, (1997), Selected Speeches: Kwame Nkrumah, Volume 1, Accra, Ghana: Afram, Publications.
- Poe, Z, (2010), Kwame Nkrumah’s contribution to Pan-Africanism: An Afrocentric analysis. Los Angeles: University of Sankore Press.
- NKRUMAH, Kwame (1957), Ghana The Autobiography, Thomas Nelson and Suns limited, London.
- (1962), Towards Colonial freedom, Heinemann educational Book limited, London.
- (1963), Africa Must Unite, New York: Frederick Praeger A. Publisher.
- (1964), Consciencism: The Philosophy and Ideology for Decolonization and Development with Particular Reference to the African Revolution, First Edition. London: Panaf Books.
- (1966), Neo-colonialism; the last stage of imperialism, international publishers, New York P. IX.
- (1967), Challenge of the Congo Londons Panaf.
- (1968), Consciencism: philosophy and ideology of Decolonization and Development, Panat Books, London.
- (1968), The Handbook of revolutionary warfare.London, PANAF Books.
- (1968), Dark Day in Ghana, London, Fakenhan and Reading.
- (1969), Handbook of Revolutionary warfare, international publishes, New York.
- (1970), Class Struggle in Africa, New York Panaf Books Ltd.
- (1970), Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for De- Colonization, London: Panaf,
- (1973), Autobiography. London, Panaf.
- (1973), Revolutionary Path, New York, International Publishers.