Understanding the Nature, Characteristics, and Ethics of Inquiry and Research for Beginning Practical Research Students

  • Almighty C. Tabuena Senior High School Faculty Member, High School Department, Espiritu Santo Parochial School of Manila, Inc., Manila, Philippines
  • Yvon Mae C. Hilario Faculty Member, High School English Department, St. Stephen’s High School, Manila, Philippines
  • Mhelmafa P. Buenaflor Undergraduate Student, Faculty of Education Sciences, Philippine Normal University, Manila, Philippines
Keywords: characteristics, ethics, inquiry, practical research, research, students


The research aims to discover evidence, develop an explanatory theory, and create original works of significant creative value through systematic and thorough investigation. A research method must have certain characteristics and properties to be considered good research: it must be regulated, thorough, systematic, accurate, and verifiable. Since research often starts with a problem and finishes with a problem, many of the issues raised in the research recommendations may become new research topics. It is based on direct experience or observation, employs facts and evidence collected through a rigorous investigation, and draws clear conclusions using valid procedures and principles. Furthermore, data collection shows cautious and accurate judgment, as well as the use of validated analytical procedures. On the other hand, study design and methods are repeated for the researcher to draw clear and definitive conclusions. In the research process, ethics elevates the promotion of knowledge, fact, and credibility. It also promotes principles that are important for collaborative work, such as trust, transparency, mutual respect, and justice. The ethical codes and policies for the study include honesty, objectivity, transparency, confidentiality, human subject rights, and intellectual property respect. Researchers should also recognize the following rights of research subjects such as voluntary participation, informed consent, risk of harm, confidentiality, and anonymity. Intentional misinterpretation, misinformation, and false statements must be avoided to prevent cases of plagiarism, and proper credit must be provided when using other people's work.


Asaad, A. S. & Hailaya, W. M. (2004). Measurement and evaluation: concepts and principles. Manila: Rex Book Store, Inc.

Buenaflor, M. P. (2018). Effective music instructions integrated to mathematics lesson in the academic performance of grade 3 pupils (Undergraduate research). Philippine Normal University, Manila, Philippines.

Calderon, J. F. & Gonzales, E. C. (1993). Methods of research and thesis writing. National Book Store, Inc.

Calmorin, L. P. (2010). Research and statistics with computer. National Book Store, Inc.

Creswell, J. W. (1994). Research design: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed). SAGE Publications, Inc.

Dewey, J. (2007). Logic - the theory of inquiry. Saerchinger Press.

Esguerra, R. R. (2015). Literary appreciation and proposed supplementary Asian literary selections. International NeuroELT Conference.

Francisco, N. M. (2019). Practical research 1 [Powerpoint Slides].Scribd. https://www.scribd.com/presentation/436568959/Practical-Research-1

Jerusalem, V. L. et al. (2017). Practical research 2: Exploring quantitative research. Sampaloc, Manila: Fastbooks Educational Supply, Inc.

Nava, L. H. (2000). Validation of the teaching situations inventory. Research Series, 46.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2015). The measurement of scientific, technological and innovation activities frascati manual 2015: Guidelines for collecting and reporting data on research and experimental development. Paris: OECD Publishing.

Pagulayan, R. C. (2019). Doing research in a way that counts: Scholarly publication [Powerpoint Slides]. University of Saint Louis.

Santiago, S. B. (2018). Quality of life of post myocardial infarction patients admitted at Bulacan medical center (Master’s thesis). La Consolacion University, Philippines.

Sevilla, C. et. al. (1984). An introduction to research methods. Manila, Philippines: Rex Book Store.

Subong Jr., P. E. (2005). Statistics for research. Manila: Rex Book Store, Inc.

Tabuena, A. C. & Hilario, Y. M. C. (2021). Research data analysis methods in addressing the K-12 learning competency on data analysis procedures among senior high school research courses. International Journal of Recent Research and Applied Studies, 8(3), 1-7.

Tabuena, A. C. (2021a). Demonstrative process on the use of research abstracts in writing the literature review for senior high school students. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Explorer, 1(3), 1-6.

Tabuena, A. C. (2021b). A pre-experimental research on the implementation of selected classroom assessment techniques for music, arts, physical education, and health. International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 2(2), 163-171.

Tabuena, A. C. (2021c). Preliminary methods and illustrative examples in formulating the research frameworks on the research writing process for senior high school students. International Journal of Advance Research and Innovative Ideas in Education, 7(1), 8-15.

Tabuena, A. C. (2020a). Identifying and stating the problem through the use of a research outline proposal in the research writing process. International Journal for Innovative Research in Multidisciplinary Field, 6(12), 60-64.

Tabuena, A. C. (2020b). Students’ perception in the implementation of the IMRaD structure approach and its implications on the research writing process. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 9(7), 55-65.

Tabuena, A. C. (2020c). Development and validation of a Philippine music achievement test in addressing the K to 12 music curriculum learning competencies. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 9(4), 16-25.

Tabuena, A. C. (2017). Classroom assessment techniques in music, arts, physical education, and health for junior high school students: An action research report. Kindle Direct Publishing.

Tabuena, A. C. (2016). Development and validation of an achievement test in music learning for junior high school students (Undergraduate research). Philippine Normal University, Manila, Philippines.

Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Zulueta, F. M & Costales Jr., N. E. B. (2003). Methods of research thesis-writing and applied statistics. Mandaluyong City: National Book Store.

How to Cite
Almighty C. Tabuena, Yvon Mae C. Hilario and Mhelmafa P. Buenaflor 2021. Understanding the Nature, Characteristics, and Ethics of Inquiry and Research for Beginning Practical Research Students. International Journal on Integrated Education. 4, 3 (Mar. 2021), 144-152. DOI:https://doi.org/10.17605/ijie.v4i3.1350.